Banished: The New Social Control In Urban America
With urban poverty rising and affordable housing disappearing, the homeless and other "disorderly" people continue to occupy public space in many American cities. Concerned about the alleged ill effects their presence inflicts on property values and public safety, many cities have wholeheartedly embraced "zero-tolerance" or "broken window" policing efforts to clear the streets of unwanted people. Through an almost completely unnoticed set of practices, these people are banned from occupying certain spaces. Once zoned out, they are subject to arrest if they return-effectively banished from public places. Banished is the first exploration of these new tactics that dramatically enhance the power of the police to monitor and arrest thousands of city dwellers. Drawing upon an extensive body of data, the authors chart the rise of banishment in Seattle, a city on the leading edge of this emerging trend, to establish how it works and explore its ramifications. They demonstrate that, although the practice allows police and public officials to appear responsive to concerns about urban disorder, it is a highly questionable policy: it is expensive, does not reduce crime, and does not address the underlying conditions that generate urban poverty. Moreover, interviews with the banished themselves reveal that exclusion makes their lives and their path to self-sufficiency immeasurably more difficult. At a time when more and more cities and governments in the U.S. and Europe resort to the criminal justice system to solve complex social problems, Banished provides a vital and timely challenge to exclusionary strategies that diminish the life circumstances and rights of those it targets.
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Banished:The New Social Control In Urban America: The New Social Control In ...
Katherine Beckett,Steve Herbert
No preview available - 2009
addiction American attorneys Aurora Avenue authority banishment’s banned behaviors broken windows challenge chapter city’s civility codes crime criminal justice system criminal law defendants disorder disorderly drug court drug traffic loitering enforcement Fixing Broken Windows gang injunctions gentrification gonna harm reduction homeless incarceration increased individuals interviews issued lives loitering laws Mental Health Court mental illness neighborhood off-limits orders ofthe parks exclusion notices parks exclusion orders percent Pioneer Square police officers political Precinct probation problems prosecutors prostitution public housing public space Rainier Ave reported residents respondents Seattle Municipal Court Seattle Police Department Seattle’s shelter social control social control tools social services SODA orders SODA zone spatial exclusion SPD officers stay streets suspect therapeutic courts there’s Timothy Gibson tion trespass admonishments trespass law trespass programs University Press urban vagrancy vagrancy and loitering vagrancy laws violation Washington Yesler Terrace York zones of exclusion