Banned Books: Censorship in Eighteenth-Century England
Thesis (M.A.) from the year 2009 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Culture and Applied Geography, grade: 1,7, University of Munster (Englische Philologie), language: English, abstract: The historical development of censorship is parallel to the evolution of our civilization. If one talks about censorship as a type of social control then one is "overstretching" the concept of the word, as there are a wide variety of social control measures. Thus, breeding can be regarded as censorship or God's verdict about a forbidden fruit can also be considered as a censorship act. But, since the focal point of this paper is literary censorship, a narrower meaning of the term, such as book censorship, is required. Traditionally, book censorship has been seen as a control over printed expression by authorities, and mostly by the church or government. Alec Craig emphasizes that "it is writing rather than speech that attracts authoritative attention and social pressures because it is so much more enduring and effective; and books have been subject to control of some sort wherever they have been an important medium of communication." The earliest examples of such regulations can already be found in Ancient Rome and Greece, where the works of Ovid and Socrates were suppressed, or in China, where the writings of Confucius were banned and burned by order of the emperor. However, these censorship measures were not of systematical character, and authorities in the ancient world failed to institutionalize this practice of book suppression. Not until the invention of the printing press and a consequential wide spread adoption in the usage of printing books, especially during the Reformation, was it necessary for the authorities to create a system of sharp control of the written word. It is widely known that literature is one of the richest sources that contains the knowledge of social consciousness. It portrays the impression of social norms and values as well as mod
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According Anglican Backscheider Banned Books became Bourdieu Buchdruckes Bücher Carteret censor censorial measures censorship Clegg coinage Colclough contemporaries Cyndia Daniel Defoe debate Defoe’s Shortest discourse Dissenters Drapier’s Letters Dublin Economic Writings eighteenth century English government Fielding’s novel Foucault Gesetz Getty Research Institute Henry Fielding Herbert Davis History Index Librorum Prohibitorum intention introduction Ireland Irish Manufacture issue Jahre Jahrhunderts John Cleland Jonathan Swift Jones journalists King King’s Kirche law of seditious Licensing Act licensing system literary censorship literature London Long Time Burning Lord moral norms obscene libel official opinion Oxford pamphlet Parliament Patriot Paul Hyland period Pickering and Chatto Pillory printer printing press prosecution published punished regarded Regierung reign religion religiösen religious Richardson Roman royal satire seditious libel seventeenth century Siebert social society Star Chamber suppression Thomas Tom Jones Tudor W. R. Owens Werke Whig Wood’s coins Wood’s Halfpence Writings of Daniel wrote wurde wurden Zensur