Barriers to Democracy: The Other Side of Social Capital in Palestine and the Arab World

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Princeton University Press, 2007 - Political Science - 173 pages
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"This is social science at its absolute best. This book uses empirical data from the Arab world to point out flaws in our conventional wisdom about the importance of civil societies in a democracy. Everyone who cares about democratic theory needs to confront these findings, and anyone who wants to understand the failure of American efforts to promote democracy in the Middle East could do no better than start with this book."--Lisa Anderson, Columbia University

"A very impressive and highly original study that is rich in analysis and theoretical insight, not only about Palestinian politics during the Oslo period, but also about the conditions under which civic associations do and do not foster attitudes and behaviors that contribute to democratization in the broader Arab world."--Mark Tessler, University of Michigan

"This book fills an important gap in the wide literature on civil society. It notably expands upon this literature, both substantively, through unique and important survey data, and theoretically, in an argument that asks us to rethink how regime types affect the connections between participation in civic associations and democratic attitudes. By doing so, it not only contributes to the academic literature--which has largely assumed that lessons drawn from democracies can be applied to authoritarian regimes--but it also prompts rethinking in the policy debates over democratization. Academics and policymakers will find much of value in rethinking politics not only in Palestine and the Arab world, but also in authoritarian regimes elsewhere."--Ellen M. Lust-Okar, Yale University

"Taking as a point of departure the substantial work on civil society, Amaney Jamal engages a set of issues that are critical to understanding the paths of and possibilities for democratic transitions. In an academic and policy atmosphere in which building democracy abroad, especially in the Middle East, has become one of the most commonly discussed goals, her book should appeal to a wide audience."--Laurie A. Brand, author of "Citizens Abroad: Emigration and the State in the Middle East and North Africa"

 

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Contents

Introduction Democratic Outcomes and Associational Life
1
Associations in Western Democratic Contexts
3
Associational Life in Palestine
10
The Associational Puzzle
13
Clientelism and Patronage
14
Associational Life in the Centralized Authoritarian Context of the West Bank
21
The Failure of Oslo PNA Corruption and Democracy
22
Political Contextual Difference and Associational Life
25
A Note on Selfselection and Causality
93
Conclusion
94
Beyond Palestine Morocco Jordan and Egypt
96
Trust and Associational Life in Morocco
98
A Historical Overview
101
Solidifying Authoritarianism or Political Liberalization
104
The Evolution of Associational Life
107
Associations and the Regime
109

The Polarization of Associational Life in the West Bank? Historical Overview
26
Palestinian Political and Civil Life under Occupation
31
Associational Life PostOslo
36
Corruption Patronage Clientelism and the PNA
41
The PNA and the PLC
43
Rule of Law the Judiciary and the PNA
45
Associational Life and PNA Corruption
47
Conclusion
49
The Polarization of Palestinian Associational Life
50
The Palestinian Associational Terrain
51
Factionalism
58
The Peace Process with Israel and the Realities Associated with Olso
61
Donor Monies
66
Conclusion
74
Trust Engagement and Democracy
77
The Polarization of Palestinian Civil Society
79
Association Membership and Support for the PNA
83
Examining Interpersonal Trust and Civic Engagement
85
The Associational Landscape
89
Political Parties and the Moroccan Regime
111
The Media
113
Civic Attitudes and Associational Realities in Morocco
115
Associational Life in Jordan and Egypt
119
Civil Society and Polarization
121
Conclusion
125
Conclusion Toward a Theory of Democratic Citizenship in StateCentralized Nations
127
Civic Engagement Support for Democratic Institutions and Associational Realities in the West Bank
131
Civic Engagement and Interpersonal Trust among Association Members
133
The Art of Association
135
A Note about Democratizations
137
APPENDIXES
139
Survey Questions and Coding of Association Members
141
Survey Questions and Coding of General Palestinian Population
147
Survey Questions and Coding of General Moroccan Population World Values Survey Questions
150
Bibliography
153
Index
165
Copyright

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About the author (2007)

Amaney A. Jamal is associate professor of politics at Princeton University and the author of "Barriers to Democracy" (Princeton).

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