Barriers to International Technology Transfer

Front Cover
J. Kirkland
Springer Science & Business Media, Nov 30, 1996 - Reference - 226 pages
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The importance of technology transfer to innovation and wealth creation is now recog nised by most governments. As the policy debate has intensified, however, it has become clear that the problem of encouraging successful transfer is complex, and requires an interdisciplinary approach. The collection of papers in this volume is deliberately diverse. It offers perspectives from economics, sociology, science, engineering and public administration, and also from outside academic life, from those involved at the 'sharp end' of technology licensing and administering government research programmes. Contributions are also drawn from a rangeofnational backgrounds-the authors are drawn from ten countries, from through out Europe and North America. The main focus for the papers was a NATOAdvanced Study Workshop, which took place at the National Institute ofEconomic and Social Research, London, in September 1995. Unfortunately time and space has prevented all of the contributions appearing here, but all those who attended played an important role in making the event such a success. Thanks are also due to Dr Alain Jubier and his colleagues at NATO, without whose support and advice the seminarcould not have take place, to my fellow organising committee members Dr Katalin Balazs, Dr Linda Parker and Professor Steve Woolgar, and to Monica Miglior who, in addition to assisting in the conference organisation, pro vided detailed notes on sessions which helped greatly in later analysis.
 

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Contents

when it works when it doesnt
25
the tension between policy and practice
43
problems for the small technology producer
65
Manufacturing technology transfer between west and east Europe
77
Some Issues of technoeconomic developments in Turkey
91
Diffusion of new technologies through appropriate education and training
99
the example of the agricultural and food sectors
109
Professional and technical structures as a barrier to technology transfer
133
Barriers to technology transfer in central and eastern Europe
149
Obstacles faced by small firms in the technology transfer process in Romania
157
slow changes on a background of fast economic decline
171
Changing factors of technology transfer in the Czech republic
185
Academic entrepreneurship in hightechnology firms in Bulgaria
197
Adoption and adaption of technology transfer mechanisms between nations
209
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Page ii - PARTNERSHIP SUB-SERIES 1. Disarmament Technologies 2. Environment 3. High Technology 4. Science and Technology Policy 5. Computer Networking Kluwer Academic Publishers Springer-Verlag / Kluwer Academic Publishers Kluwer Academic Publishers Kluwer Academic Publishers Kluwer Academic Publishers The Partnership Sub-Series incorporates activities undertaken in collaboration with NATO's Cooperation Partners, the countries of the CIS and Central and Eastern Europe, in Priority Areas ol concern to those...
Page ii - Committee, which aims at the dissemination of advanced scientific and technological knowledge, with a view to strengthening links between scientific communities. The Series is published by an international board of publishers in conjunction with the NATO Scientific Affairs Division A Life Sciences B Physics C Mathematical and Physical Sciences D Behavioural and Social Sciences E Applied Sciences F Computer and Systems Sciences G Ecological Sciences H Cell Biology I Global Environmental Change PARTNERSHIP...
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Page 12 - Reflects information from 24 reporting countries on exports to, and imports from, each of nearly 200 partner countries. Technology-intensive products are defined as those for which R&D expenditures exceed 2.36 per cent of value added (OECD definition). Source: DRI Special Tabulations of International Trade (Washington, DC, National Science Foundation, 1986).
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