Barriers to Physical Activity in People with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Enrolled in a Worksite Disease Management Program
Over 20 million people in the United States have type 2 diabetes, a disease which often leads to chronic complications, including cardiovascular disease, blindness, kidney disease, nervous system diseases, and sexual dysfunction. People with diabetes mellitus need to learn a variety of behaviors to manage this disease. While physical activity is an important component of diabetes mellitus self-management utilized to improve control of blood glucose levels, it is often difficult for people with diabetes mellitus to start and maintain a physical activity program. A worksite diabetes management program offered by a Midwestern manufacturing company assists participants in meeting their diabetes self-management goals. The purpose of this descriptive, cross-sectional study was to explore the stage of change for moderate intensity physical activity, identify barriers to obtaining moderate intensity physical activity, and identify program characteristics that have been helpful in obtaining physical activity goals in the participants with type 2 diabetes mellitus enrolled in a worksite diabetes disease management program. Participants who chose to work on physical activity as part of their diabetes self-management had a higher stage of change for physical activity (p = .02) and participated in more general (p = .034) and specific (p = .0 16) physical activity than those participants who did not choose to work on physical activity. Participants who were active (action and maintenance stages of change) reported fewer barriers to physical activity (p
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