Barron's how to Prepare for the AP Environmental Science Advanced Placement Examination

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Barron's Educational Series, 2002 - Science - 528 pages
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This brand-new Advanced Placement manual is the only book currently on the market that specifically prepares students for the AP Environmental Science Exam. It reviews all important environmental science concepts and problems, including: the flow of energy, its sources, and conversions; the cycling of matter; geology and earth dynamics; the atmosphere, weather, and climate; the biosphere, human history and global distribution; the earth's renewable and nonrenewable resources; measuring environmental quality; global changes; and environmental laws, ethics, and issues. The book's added features include an overview of the test format and test-taking strategies. Two full-length practice tests are presented with questions answered and explained.
 

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Contents

Introduction
3
A Note for the Teacher
4
Study Guide Checklist
6
Format of the AP Environmental Science Exam
8
Topics Covered by the AP Environmental Science Exam
9
Questions Commonly Asked About the AP Environmental Science Exam
12
Strategies for Taking the AP Environmental Science Exam
15
The PlusMinus System
16
Genetically Engineered Foods
252
Food Production
253
Generic Diversity of Crops
255
Case Studies
258
MultipleChoice Questions
262
FreeResponse Question
266
Land
271
Key Concepts
272

The Elimination Strategy
17
Identification and Analysis Questions
18
StimulusBased MultipleChoke Questions
21
A Final Word About the MultipleChoke Questions
22
The FreeResponse Essay Section
23
Examples of Key Terms Used in FreeResponse Essays
25
The Restatement
26
How to Write the FreeResponse Essay
27
DataBased Questions
28
Summary
29
Specific Topics
31
Key Concepts
32
Renewable Alternative Energy Sources
37
Nonrenewable Alternative Energy Sources
41
FactorLabel Method for Calculations
46
Case Studies
47
MultipleChoice Questions
48
FreeResponse Question
52
The Cycling of Matter
57
Hydrologic Water Cycle
63
Nitrogen Cycle
64
Phosphorous Cycle
67
Macro and Micro Nutrients
68
Case Study
71
MultipleChoice Questions
72
FreeResponse Question
77
The Solid Earth
82
Earthquakes
86
Plate Tectonics
89
The Rock Cycle
91
Volcanism
95
Case Studies
98
MultipleChoice Questions
99
FreeResponse Question
104
The Atmosphere
107
Climatic History
109
Atmospheric Structure
112
Weather and Climate
114
MultipleChoice Questions
131
FreeResponse Question
137
The Biosphere
143
Adaptations to Their Environments
157
Exponential Growth and Carrying Capacity
160
Biomass Energy Transfer and Succession
165
Natural Selection Genetic Diversity and Extinction
174
Case Studies
180
MultipleChoice Questions
181
FreeResponse Question
186
HUMAN POPULATION DYNAMICS
190
Demographics
198
Patterns of Resource Utilization
201
Carrying Capacity
207
Case Studies
209
MultipleChoice Questions
211
FreeResponse Question
216
RENEWABLE AND NONRENEWABLE RESOURCES DISTRIBUTION OWNERSHIP USE AND DEGRADATION
219
Key Concepts
220
Fisheries and Industrial
230
Case Studies
237
MultipleChoice Questions
238
FreeResponse Question
244
Food and Other Agricultural Products
248
Malnutrition and Famines
249
Agricultural and Forestry
277
Recreational and Wilderness
287
Erosion and Conservation
288
Natural Features Buildings and Structures
296
Wildlife
299
Mineral Resources and Mining
309
Case Study
314
MultipleChoice Questions
315
FreeResponse Question
320
ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY
325
Key Concepts
326
Water
338
Soil
344
Case Studies
348
MultipleChoice Questions
350
FreeResponse Question
356
Solid Waste
360
Current Disposal Methods and Limitations
365
Alternative Practices in Solid Waste Management
370
Hazardous Wastes
374
Case Studies
378
MultipleChoice Questions
380
FreeResponse Question
385
Human Health
390
EffectsAcute and Chronic DoseResponse Relationships
401
Relative RisksEvaluation and Response
402
Case Studies
405
MultipleChoice Questions
408
GLOBAL CHANGES AND THEIR CONSEQUENCES
413
Key Concepts
414
The Oceans
431
Biota
437
Case Study
443
FreeResponse Question
449
ENVIRONMENT AND SOCIETY TRADEOFFS AND DECISION MAKING
452
Key Concepts
453
Microeconomics
459
Case Studies
470
MultipleChoice Questions
472
FreeResponse Question
477
Environmental Ethics
480
Case Studies
485
MultipleChoice Questions
487
FreeResponse Question
491
Environmental History Laws and Regulations Regional National and International
495
Parts of Government
502
Key Legislation
508
Case Study
523
MultipleChoice Questions
524
FreeResponse Question
530
Practice Exams
531
Section IIFreeResponse Questions
551
Answers and Explanations for Practice Exam 1
555
Practice Exam 2
581
Section IIFreeResponse Questions
599
Answers and Explanations for Practice Exam 2
602
Units and Measurement
631
Comparative Statistics
635
LessDeveloped and MoreDeveloped Countries
645
Comparison of Environmental Indicators for Selected Countries
646
Glossary
648
Index
676
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Page viii - solid waste" means garbage, refuse, and other discarded solid materials, including solid- waste materials resulting from industrial, commercial, and agricultural operations, and from community activities, but does not include solids or dissolved material in domestic sewage or other significant pollutants in water resources, such as silt, dissolved or suspended solids in industrial waste water effluents, dissolved materials in irrigation return flows or other common water pollutants. (5) The term...

About the author (2002)

Gary S. Thorpe, M.S., taught AP Chemistry and gifted programs for over 25 years.

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