Basic Civil Engineering

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Technical Publications, 2006 - 462 pages
6 Reviews
Civil Engineeringa) Basic areas in civil engineering surveying. Construction engineering, Transportation engineering, Fluid mechanics, Irrigation engineering, Structural engineering, Geotechnical and foundation engineering, Environmental engineering, Quantity surveying, Earthquake engineering, Infrastructure development.b) Role of civil engineer in the above fields. Role of civil engineering in other branches - Mechanical engineering, Chemical engineering, Electrical Engineering, Instrumentation, Electronics and telecommunication engineering.Linear and Angular Measurementsa) Principles of survey, plan, map, plain scale, R.F., sign conventions. Use of tapes for distance measurement, Ranging-by eye and with line ranger. Concepts of base line, tie line, check line offsets using open cross staff.b) Study of prismatic compass. Types of bearings and reference merdians. Measurement of bearings and angles. Local attraction and its adjustment.Vertical Measurements and Modern Survey Techniquesa) Vertical measurement-Study and use of dumpy level and leveling staff, Tempoary adjustment of dumpy level. Types of bench marks. Reduction of levels by collimation plane, Rise and Fall method.b) Contours-use and characteristics of contour lines.c) Use of modern electronic equipment like-Electronic Distance Meter, Digital theodolite, Electronic Total station, Digital Planimeter. Application of GIS, GPS, use of lasers in construction.Materials and Constructiona) Use of basic materials cement, bricks, stone, natural and artificial sand, Reinforcing steel-mild, Tor and high tensile steel. Concrete types-PCC, RCC, prestressed and precast.b) Substructure-Function of foundations, (only concepts of settlement and bearing capacity of soils.), Types of shallow foundations, (only concept of friction and end bearing pile).c) Superstructure-Types of loads-D.L., L.L., wind loads, Earthquake considerations. Types of construction-load bearing, framed, composite. Fundamental requirements of masonry. Concept of floors, Roofs, Opening, only [Details not to be covered].Building Planning and Actsa) Building plans, site selection, principles, Concepts of carpet, Floor and built up area; ground coverage, F.S.I.b) Building bye-laws-necessity, Open space requirements, Setback distance, Heights, Internal dimensions of rooms, Distance from the road center, Lighting and ventilation.c) Objectives of the following acts. 1. Land Acquisition Act of 1894. 2. Environment Protection Act of 1986.Environmental Protection Act 1986a) Concept of Environment-biotic and abiotic factors. Conventional and non-conventional sources of energy and their impact on environment.b) Sources, causes, effects and remedial measures accociated with 1. Air pollution 2. Water pollution 3. Noise pollution 4. Land pollution

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