Basic Concepts in Statistics and Epidemiology

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Radcliffe Publishing, 2007 - Medical - 214 pages
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This book contains a Foreword by Allyson Pollock, Professor and Head, Centre for International Public Health Policy, University of Edinburgh. Healthcare students, practitioners and researchers need a sound basis for making valid statistical inferences from health data. To make the best use of statistical software, it is necessary to understand how probabilistic inference works. This book explains that, along with the various ways statistical data can be described and presented. It is designed to develop insight rather than simply the mechanical skills found in other textbooks. This book is specifically designed to underpin the concepts of statistics and epidemiology. It is practical and easy to use and is ideal for people who can feel uncomfortable with mathematics. 'Excellent. A great primer for all students and research workers engaged in learning how to use statistical ideas in public health. It sets out the core concepts and explains them clearly, using worked examples as illustration. If followed carefully, the engaged reader should be able to use the standard statistical software packages intelligently and sensitively. It will stimulate the public health student, in whatever context, and new researchers, to approach the enterprise with enhanced confidence in interpreting and coherently explaining their findings.' - Allyson Pollock, in the Foreword.
 

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Contents

A necessary glimpse of probability
20
Combinations
34
An approximation to the normal curve
50
Testing samples
62
Testing small samples
77
A taste of epidemiology
86
From Binomial to Poisson
98
Nonparametric statistics
112
The Gini coefficient
141
a measure of relatedness
149
The problem of prediction
161
Introducing ANOVA
167
A brief introduction to designing a research project
182
Appendix A Areas under the normal probability curve Ztable
190
Appendix E Wilcoxon distribution with pairing where W1 n
196
Appendix H Poisson values
202

The Wilcoxon test for the paired case
118
Study exercises 6
128

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About the author (2007)

Fellow, Institute of Human Rights and Social Justice, Metropolitan University of London, External Examiner, Postgraduate Department of Medicine, University of Central Lancashire

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