World Health Organization, 2006 - Medical - 213 pages
The second edition of this popular textbook provides an introduction to the principles and methods of epidemiology. Since publication of the first edition in 1993, Basic epidemiology has become a standard reference for education, training and research in the field of public health and has been translated into more than 25 languages. It is used widely for training public health and environment professionals, undergraduate medical students, and students in other health professions.
The second edition provides updated examples of how and why the basics of
epidemiology are essential to anyone who is required to understand and apply the principles of disease causation and prevention. The book has a particular emphasis on modifiable environmental factors and encourages the application of epidemiology to the prevention of disease and the promotion of health, including environmental and occupational health. It prepares members of the health-related professions to respond to the need for health services to address all aspects of the health of populations, and to ensure that health resources are used to the best possible effect. It shows how good clinical practice is informed by clinical epidemiology; and its lively, concise style is designed to stimulate a continuing interest in the subject.
This edition includes comprehensive chapters on the nature and uses of epidemiology; the epidemiological approach to defining and measuring the occurrence of health-related states in populations; the strengths and limitations of epidemiological study; designs, causation; the contribution of epidemiology to the prevention of disease; the promotion of health and the development of health policy; and the role of epidemiology in evaluating the effectiveness and efficiency of health care.
It enables students to describe the common causes of death, disease and disability in her or his community; outline appropriate study designs to answer specific questions concerning disease causation, natural history, prognosis prevention and the evaluation of therapy and other interventions to control disease and critically evaluate the literature.
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Epidemiology and public health
Measuring health and disease
Types of studies
concepts and tools
Causation in epidemiology
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air pollution analysis asbestos aspirin assessment association bias blood pressure Bull World Health calculated cardiovascular disease case-control study causal changes Chapter cholera cholesterol chronic diseases clinical cohort studies communicable diseases confidence interval confounding coronary heart disease cost Cross-sectional studies death rates determinants diabetes distribution dose dose–response relationship environmental factors epidemic epidemiological studies epidemiology estimate evaluating evidence example exposed exposure Figure follow-up Geneva global guidelines health impact assessment health policy high-income countries hypothesis identified important incidence increase individual infection injury International interventions levels lung cancer measures Medline meta-analysis methods mortality rate myocardial infarction noncommunicable disease occur odds ratio outcome patients prevalence primary prevention programmes public health randomized controlled trials reduce regression relative risk risk factors screening smoking social specific standard statistical strategy study design surveillance Table tobacco treatment variable World Health Organization