Basic Physical Chemistry for the Atmospheric Sciences
Newly revised and updated, Basic Physical Chemistry for the Atmospheric Sciences provides a clear, concise grounding in the basic chemical principles required for modern studies of atmospheres, oceans, and earth and planetary systems. Undergraduate and graduate students with little formal training in chemistry can work through the chapters and the numerous exercises within this book before accessing the standard texts in the atmospheric chemistry, geochemistry, and the environmental sciences. The book covers the fundamental concepts of chemical equilibria, chemical thermodynamics, chemical kinetics, solution chemistry, acid and base chemistry, oxidation-reduction reactions, and photochemistry. In a companion volume entitled Introduction to Atmospheric Chemistry (2000, Cambridge University Press) Peter Hobbs provides an introduction to atmospheric chemistry itself, including its applications to air pollution, acid rain, the ozone hole, and climate change. Together these two books provide an ideal introduction to atmospheric chemistry for a variety of disciplines.
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acetic acid acid-dissociation constant Antarctic aqueous solution balance buffer called carbon cell potential charge chemical equilibrium chemical reaction chloride compound concentrations copper CrO3 aq Cu(s decrease dissociation dissolves in water droplet electrochemical cell electrode potential enthalpy entropy Eºn equilibrium constant example Exercise forward reaction gases Gibbs free energy half-cell half-reaction heat Hence Hint hydroxide increase involved ionization ions kJ mol law of thermodynamics left side liquid molar molar standard mole negative nitrogen NO(g number of molecules number of moles OH aq overall oxidation half-reaction oxidation number oxygen oxygen atom proton radiation rainwater rate coefficient rate law reac react reaction rate redox reaction reduction half-reaction reverse reaction right side single-step processes SO3 aq solid solubility product solvent species spontaneous standard cell potential standard conditions stratosphere substance sulfide sulfur temperature tion unit mass vapor pressure volume Zn(s