Basic engineering thermodynamics
This is an introduction to thermodynamics for engineering students. No previous knowledge is assumed. The book covers the first and second laws of thermodynamics and their consequences for engineers. Each topic is illustrated with worked examples and subjects are introduced in a logical order allowing the student to tackle increasingly complex problems as he reads. Problems and selected answers are included. The heart of engineering thermodynamics is the conversion of heat into work. Increasing demands for more efficient conversion, for example to reduce carbon dioxide emissions, are leading to the adoption of new thermodynamic cycles. However the principles of these new cycles are very simple and are subject to the standard laws of thermodynamics as explained in this book.
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Vapours liquids and solids
12 other sections not shown
adiabatic atoms Boyle’s law Calculate carbon dioxide Carnot cycle Chapter Clausius closed system coefﬁcient of performance compressor condenser constant pressure constant temperature constant volume cylinder deﬁned deﬁnition difﬁcult enthalpy entropy change example feed pump ﬁnd ﬁrst law ﬁxed ﬂuid fuel gas turbine gas turbine cycle heat engine heat exchange heat pump heat transfer ideal gas equation ideal gases increases inlet internal energy irreversible isentropic efﬁciency isentropic process isothermal processes J/kg kinetic energy kJ/kg law of thermodynamics mass of gas mean effective pressure molecules Mollier outlet output pressure ratio properties Rankine cycle re-heat refrigerator reversible heat engine reversible process reversibly saturated steam saturated water second law Section shown in Fig signiﬁcance speciﬁc heat speciﬁc volume steady-ﬂow energy equation steam and water steam tables steam—water superheated steam T—s diagram temperature—entropy diagram thermal efﬁciency thermally insulated thermodynamic temperature tion unit mass vapour pressure velocity zero