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Research and Statistics
Formulation of a Research Project
21 other sections not shown
answer approximately arithmetic mean assume assumptions binomial binomial distribution calculation Chapter coefficient column Company compute conditional distribution confidence interval consider convex convex sets correlation cost decision defined definition dependent determine discussed elements equal error example expected loss expected value Figure frequency distribution freshmen given Hence income independent variable indicate limits linear marginal distribution mathematical matrix measure median method moment-generating function moving average normal distribution null hypothesis observations obtain outcomes parameter percent confidence percentage Poisson Poisson distribution population possible posterior distribution prediction prior distribution probability distribution problem procedure production pure strategies question random variable real numbers reasonable regression equation sample mean sample space sampling distribution Section selected simple random sample specific standard deviation statistician statistics Suppose Table theorem Type I error variance weight zero