Basics Facade Apertures

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Birkhäuser, 2008 - Architecture - 83 pages

Facade Openings presents the realm of the exterior wall or facade, which establishes the connection between inside and out and makes it possible to illuminate and ventilate the spaces behind it. This volume deals with the various forms of opening, such as doors, windows, ventilation elements, and fixed glass panes, and their materialization, which also varies according to function; special attention is given to the subject of edges.


  • Types and positions of openings
  • Technical requirements
  • Construction types
  • Connections/edges

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WAperture functionality
WAperture components

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About the author (2008)

Roland Krippner is an assistant professor in the Department of Building Technology at the Technische Universität München (Technical University of Munich) and coauthor of the Facade Construction Manual.

Florian Musso is professor of design, structural design, and building materials science at the Technische Universität München and runs an architectural firm in Munich.

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