Basket Weavers for the California Curio Trade: Elizabeth and Louise Hickox
The peoples of northwestern Califonia's Lower Klamath River area have long been known for their fine basketry. Two early-twentieth-century weavers of that region, Elizabeth Hickox and her daughter Louise, created especially distinctive baskets that are celebrated today for their elaboration of technique, form, and surface designs. Marvin Cohodas now explores the various forces that influenced Elizabeth Hickox, analyzing her relationship with the curio trade, and specifically with dealer Grace Nicholson, to show how those associations affected the development and marketing of baskets. He explains the techniques and patterns that Hickox created to meet the challenge of weaving design into changig three-dimensional forms. In addition to explicating the Hickoxes' basketry, Cohodas interprets its uniqueness as a form of intersocietal art, showing how Elizabeth first designed her distinctive trinket basket to convey a particular view of the curio trade and its effect on status within her community. Through its close examination of these superb practitioners of basketry, Basket Weavers for the California Curio Trade addresses many of today's most pressing questions in Native American art studies concerning individuality, patronage, and issues of authenticity. Graced with historic photographs and full-color plates, it reveals the challenges faced by early-twentieth-century Native weavers. "Extremely well written and based on an impressive amount of archival research. . . . It skillfully interweaves biography, rigorous stylistic analysis, and social history into an impressive story."--Janet Berlo, editor, The Early Years of Native American Art History Published with the assistance of The Southwest Museum, Los Angeles.
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Anita Baldwin anthropology Arnold and Reed articulated Arts and Crafts authenticity band basket weaving basketry black fern California cm high collectors color constructed consumers consumption contrast conventional Courtesy Photo Archives culture curio trade dealers decoration discourse display distinction dominant dress caps economic Elizabeth and Louise Elizabeth Hickox basket ethnic Euro-American flint mark function gender Grace Nicholson Hickox basket number hierarchy Hoopa household Hudson Indian indigenous innovation James Karuk kets Klamath River Kroeber labor Larry Reynolds late Victorian ledger leisure Louise Hickox Lower Klamath Lower Klamath weavers Lummis Luther main mark Mason materials metonymic mixed-race motifs Native Americans Native baskets non-Native O'Neale O'Neale's objects Pasadena patterns Photograph by Larry plate Pomoan practices premodern primitive production purchased racial relations relations of production relationships social society Southwest Museum status taste technique tion touristic tradition trinket baskets twining warps weft Wiyot Yurok zone