Basque Violence: Metaphor and Sacrament
This book captures the complexity and humanity of one of the most agonizing of contemporary problems--that of terrorist violence. Basque Violence is in fact a pioneering attempt to give a fully contextualized, cultural account of the endemic conflict engaging Basque villagers both as protagonists and as spectators. The author focuses on his native village of Itziar in the province of Guip zcoa, and many of the Basque activists he discusses are friends from his youth. They are now lionized by the villagers despite the fact that their actions have become increasingly problematic for the villagers themselves. Far from being the work of a "terrorism expert" seeking counter-insurgency solutions or concentrating on the usual search for the causes and consequences of violence, this study attempts instead to understand the conscious and unconscious presuppositions of the violence. The author becomes the narrator of a drama of Homeric proportions in which ordinary men are forced into acts of heroism and errors of tragic consequence.
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PART ONE HISTORICAL REPRESENTATIONS
History as War
History as Heroism
History as Tragedy
PART TWO BASERRI SOCIETY AND CULTURE
Testing the Limits
PART THREE PERFORMANCES IN CULTURE
The Bertsolariak as a Cultural Model
PART FOUR THE CULTURAL METAPHORS OF
Icon and Sacrament
The Hunting Model of Performance
action activism activist Amabirjina Andutz animal Barandiaran Baserri Gaztedi baserritarra basic Basque Country Basque culture Basque language Basque mythology Basque nationalism Basque nationalist beast becomes behavior Berazadi bertso bertsolaria Bilbao boar brother bull burruka Carlos Carlos's causal chapter church civil guards context cooperative Deba ehiza ekintza enclosure ETA members ETA's ethnographic Euskadi Euskadiko Ezkerra Euskera experience expression fiestas formal frame Herri Batasuna Herri Gaztedi hordago hunter hunting iconic identity ideological ikastola improvised Inaki institution Itziar Itziar's youth joko jolas Jose Ignacio Jose Mari killing language Lastur logical Luxio Mandiope Martin meaning ment metaphor military milk brothers mother mountain mythical negative oral organization participation performance play plaza priest relationship religious ritual role rural Sabino Arana sacramental sense significant singing situation social Spanish symbolic thing tion traditional village wild Zarautz