Becoming Frum: How Newcomers Learn the Language and Culture of Orthodox Judaism

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Rutgers University Press, Nov 15, 2012 - Religion - 288 pages
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When non-Orthodox Jews become frum (religious), they encounter much more than dietary laws and Sabbath prohibitions. They find themselves in the midst of a whole new culture, involving matchmakers, homemade gefilte fish, and Yiddish-influenced grammar. Becoming Frum explains how these newcomers learn Orthodox language and culture through their interactions with community veterans and other newcomers. Some take on as much as they can as quickly as they can, going beyond the norms of those raised in the community. Others maintain aspects of their pre-Orthodox selves, yielding unique combinations, like Matisyahu’s reggae music or Hebrew words and sing-song intonation used with American slang, as in “mamish (really) keepin’ it real.”

Sarah Bunin Benor brings insight into the phenomenon of adopting a new identity based on ethnographic and sociolinguistic research among men and women in an American Orthodox community. Her analysis is applicable to other situations of adult language socialization, such as students learning medical jargon or Canadians moving to Australia. Becoming Frum offers a scholarly and accessible look at the linguistic and cultural process of “becoming.”

 

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Contents

Orthodox Jews and Language Socialization
1
Adventures in Ethnographic and Sociolinguistic Fieldwork
31
Orthodox Cultural Practices and How BTs Adapt Them
52
Yiddish Hebrew and the English of Orthodox Jews
81
Language and the Modern Orthodox to Black Hat Continuum
111
Why Baalei Teshuva Adopt or Avoid Orthodox Language
128
Progression in Newcomers Acquisition of Orthodox Language
144
Distinguishing Practices of Newly Orthodox Jews
168
Reflections on Adult Language Socialization
185
Notes
197
Bibliography
221
Index
237
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About the author (2012)

SARAH BUNIN BENOR is an associate professor of contemporary Jewish studies at Hebrew Union College–Jewish Institute of Religion. She has published and lectured widely on sociolinguistics, Jewish languages, and Orthodox Jews.

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