Becoming a Critical Thinker: A User Friendly Manual
This book trains students to distinguish high-quality, well-supported arguments from arguments with little or no evidence to support them. It develops the skills required to effectively evaluate the many claims facing them as citizens, learners, consumers, and human beings, and also to be effective advocates for their beliefs. Chapter topics include the foundations of arguments, reality and value assumptions and ethics, inductive arguments and generalizations, reasoning errors, the power of language, media literacy, fairmindedness, and persuasive speaking. For critical thinkers who want to be discerning about the messages they read or hear; make decisions based on careful consideration of both facts and values; be alert to distortion in reporting and advertising; and, defend their own viewpoints.
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THE STRUCTURE OF ARGUMENT
VALUES AND ETHICS
ETHICSAN IMPORTANT DIMENSION OF VALUES
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action advertisers American analogies Andrew Lam answer appeal to pity asked audience behavior believe Bowling for Columbine called candidate cause chapter claim conclusion consider create critical thinker culture Deborah Tannen decision deductive reasoning discussed doublespeak drug editor effect emotional ethical evidence example EXERCISE Purpose experts fallacy false dilemma feel film give given headline ideas inductive interview issue Kerri Strug kids Latinos Laura Schlessinger listen logical look major premise means ment oat bran organ organ donation parents percent person persuasive placebo points polling position premise problem programs question reality assumptions Reprinted by permission sample sion someone speaker speech statement statistical story syllogism talk target population television things tion true truth understand value assumptions viewpoints vote Wal-Mart women words write