Beethoven: The Pastoral Symphony
Beethoven's Pastoral Symphony is in many ways his most startlingly original. It has a programmatic content, it is in five movements, and its mood is quite different from the usual barnstorming image of the composer. Why did he want to compose such a work? Why did it take him five years to realize his vision? What was he hoping to communicate? How did he achieve it? Finally, how was the work received? David Wyn Jones addresses all these vital questions in a fascinating account of this popular work and the context in which it was written.
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22 December Abbe Vogler Allegro Anderson trans annotations arpeggio autograph bars bassoons Beethoven Beethoven's symphonies beginning Berlioz birds Breitkopf and Hartel brook Bt major Burgtheater cadence theme cellos clarinet coda composer composer's composition concept sketches crescendo passages dance dynamic Empfindung Eroica Symphony F major F minor Fifth Symphony finale five movements five-movement flute Forbes rev fortissimo harmonic rhythm Haydn Hirtengesang horns Ibid included instruments Letters of Beethoven Liebhaber Concerte listener Lobkowitz London Lustiges main theme Malerei Mass melody minor key motif Mozart musicians nature nightingale Nine Symphonies oboe opera oratorio orchestral overture Pastoral Symphony Pastoral Symphony Landsberg pedal pedal points performance phrase pianissimo Piano Concerto played Prince Lobkowitz programme scherzo Schindler score Seasons sforzando Sinfonia pastorella slow movement solo sonata form song storm Sturm suggests Symphony Beethoven tempo Thayer's thematic third movement timpani tone painting tonic tradition trio section trumpets Vienna Viennese violins