Before Guadalupe: The Virgin Mary in Early Colonial Nahuatl Literature

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University of Texas Press, 2001 - Religion - 165 pages
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The introduction of the Virgin Mary to the native peoples of Mexico is often closely associated with Our Lady of Guadalupe, the principal Mexican Marian devotion. Historical evidence indicates that the Mexican shrine was not established until the 1560s, the legend was virtually unknown until its initial publication in Spanish in 1648 and in Nahuatl the following year; and native people did not participate in the devotion to any extensive degree until after the mid-seventeenth century. How, then, was devotion to the Virgin actually introduced to Nahuas during the first decades of Christian evangelization? This book addresses this question through the presentation of Nahuatl-language devotional texts relating to Mary, texts through which Nahuas learned about the Virgin and expressed their own developing devotion to her. The wide range of Nahuatl literature on the Virgin shows that Nahuas were introduced to, and to varying degrees participated in, the full-blown medieval and Renaissance devotion to Mary, adapted into their own language. Native scholars participated in the composition of much of this material. Nahuatl text and English translation are presented in parallel columns. Each text is preceded by introductory commentary that explicates the European background of the material and its new meanings and uses in the Mexican context.
 

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Contents

Nativity Childhood and Marriage
23
The Annunciation and the Visitation
37
The Expectation and the Birth of Christ
53
The Immaculate Conception Huejotzingo Puebla
71
IndoChristian sculpture of the Immaculate Conception
72
The madonna and child Sermonario of Juan Bautista 1606
73
Antiphon for the Nativity of Mary Psalterium 1584
74
Chants for the Feast of the Annunciation Psalterium 1584
75
The Purification Psalmodia christiana 1583
80
Mary at the Crucifixion Malinalco Mexico
81
The Assumption Calpan Puebla
82
Marys death and coronation Epazoyucan Hidalgo
83
Assumption narrative Doctrina evangelios y epistolas en nahuatl
84
Corona of Mary Doctrina cristiana en lengua mexicana of Pedro de Gante 1553
85
Miracle narrative Sermones y santoral en mexicano
86
The Sorrowing Mother
87

The Nativity of John the Baptist Psalmodia christiana 1583
76
The madonna and child Psalmodia christiana 1583
77
Mary and Anne with the infant Christ Psalmodia christiana 1583
78
Mary with Christ and Dominican saints Tepoztlan Morelos
79
Prayers
115
Miracle Narratives
131
AFTERWORD
149
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