Before Revelation: The Boundaries of Muslim Moral Thought
Before Revelation studies the development of Muslim jurisprudential and theological thought as expressed in the extensive dispute over the assessment of acts that took place before the arrival of Revelation.
Between the ninth and nineteenth centuries Muslims debated, often fiercely, the question, What is the value of an act moving from place to place, breathing, or eating a tasty food, for instance before Revelation arrives? That is, Muslims, whose existence as Muslims derived from the Qur a?nic Revelation, debated whether acts could be called good, or reprehensible, before the Qur a?n. This book analyzes that prolonged debate from a History of Religions perspective, using sources from the Muslim sciences of jurisprudential theory (us\ul al-fiqh) and theology (kala?m).
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Development and Doxography
The Three Positions
Acts Are Proscribed mahzur
The Permitted Position
Two Translations of Before Revelation Texts AlJassas Permitted and AlGhazali No Assessment
Translation of a Section from alfusul fi lusul of aljassas
An Early Debate on Thanking the Benefactor
Conceptual Sources of the Problem
Abu lHudhayl and the Early Mutazilah
The Basrans Moral Ontology and epistemology1
The Critique of the Mutazilah Ignoring Ontology
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Abdaljabbar Abu Bakr Abu Ishaq Abu l-Hudhayl Abu l-Husayn Abu Ya'la act's acts before Revelation Ahmad Al-'Uddah al-Ash'arT al-BaghdadT Al-Bahr al-Basrl al-Ghazall al-Jassas al-JuwaynT al-Ka'bT Al-KalwadhanT Al-Mu'tamad al-Murtada al-Qaffal al-sam al-Shafi'T Al-ShlrazT Al-Tamhld Al-Tufi Aqll argue argument Ash'arl assertion Assessors attribute Baghdad Basrans benefaction Bernand Cairo Chapter command created debate detestable discussion Doxography Edited epistemology falsehood fiqh forbidden God's Hanaf HanbalT harm Hourani hukm human Ibn AbT Ibn Hazm Ibn Qudamah Ibn Qutaybah Ibn Surayj indicant ingratitude inquiry Islamic khamr Kitab l-Hasan later made-responsible madhhab Makdisi means moral knowledge Mu'tazilah Mu'tazill mubah Mughni Muhammad Muslim nabldh nature nVmah Obligatory ontology permission Permitted position Permitters pietist praise problem Prophet Proscribed position Proscription punishment question Qur'an Refraining religious revelation complex Revelation's reward scholars seems Shafi'T shar Sharh shukr sources sub verbo Tabaqat Taymiyyah term testable thanking the benefactor theology things tion translation usul al-fiqh wajh