Before the Bobbies: The Night Watch and Police Reform in Metropolitan London, 1720-1830
This book traces the development of professional policing in London's parishes, outside the City of London. From the 1730s, local leaders pieced together recognizably modern police forces. Much of what has been attributed to the Metropolitan Police after 1829 emerged much earlier. Local forces became increasingly diverse, making centralization a key issue by the 1820s. When Robert Peel founded Scotland Yard, what he accomplished was the centralization of London's police, not its creation. The early modern British state was thus more responsive to urban problems than has previously been acknowledged.
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1828 Select Committee beadles Beattie Bow Street central government centralized policing City of London Clerkenwell Clink Liberty Colquhoun Commissioners constables Court of Burgesses criminal debate duty eighteenth century English Hackney Hanover Square hired History Home Office House of Commons improve increased Inhabitants June justice law enforcement Lord Lord Sidmouth Metropolis Metropolitan Police Middlesex night watch Night Watch Act Nightly Old Street parishes of St Parliament parochial Patrick Colquhoun patrols Peel's Piccadilly Police and Protest police magistrates police offices police reform poor professional property crime Radicals Radzinowicz regulations riots Robberies Robert Peel Select Committee Report select vestries Shoreditch Sidmouth Society Southwark St Anne St George St Giles-in-the-Fields St James St John St Luke St Martin-in-the-Fields St Mary St Marylebone tion trustees turnpike trusts University Press vestry clerk Vestry Minutes vestrymen watch authorities watch committee watch rate watch system watchmen Webb and Webb Westminster