# Beginning R: The Statistical Programming Language

John Wiley & Sons, May 24, 2012 - Computers - 504 pages
Conquer the complexities of this open source statistical language

R is fast becoming the de facto standard for statistical computing and analysis in science, business, engineering, and related fields. This book examines this complex language using simple statistical examples, showing how R operates in a user-friendly context. Both students and workers in fields that require extensive statistical analysis will find this book helpful as they learn to use R for simple summary statistics, hypothesis testing, creating graphs, regression, and much more. It covers formula notation, complex statistics, manipulating data and extracting components, and rudimentary programming.

• R, the open source statistical language increasingly used to handle statistics and produces publication-quality graphs, is notoriously complex
• This book makes R easier to understand through the use of simple statistical examples, teaching the necessary elements in the context in which R is actually used
• Covers getting started with R and using it for simple summary statistics, hypothesis testing, and graphs
• Shows how to use R for formula notation, complex statistics, manipulating data, extracting components, and regression
• Provides beginning programming instruction for those who want to write their own scripts

Beginning R offers anyone who needs to perform statistical analysis the information necessary to use R with confidence.

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### Contents

 INTRODUCING R WHAT IT IS AND HOW TO GET IT 2 CONTENTS 21 STARTING OUT BECOMING FAMILIAR WITH R 25 Removing Objects from R 44 Editing History Files 53 STARTING OUT WORKING 65 Manipulating Lists 76 Testing and Converting 96
 INTRODUCTION TO GRAPHICAL ANALYSIS 215 Scatter Plots 222 FORMULA NOTATION AND COMPLEX STATISTICS 263 MANIPULATING DATA 295 Summarizing Data 312 Summary 323 Summarizing Regression Models 356 MORE ABOUT GRAPHS 363

 Summary 104 Cumulative Statistics 115 DATA DISTRIBUTION 151 SIMPLE HYPOTHESIS TESTING 181