Beginning Readers, Mass Media, and Libraries

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Scarecrow Press, 1994 - Education - 223 pages
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How does a child select a book? What must a child know in order to find reading material? What skills must the child have in order to use a library satisfactorily? What is the role in mass media in acquiring reading skills? By observing children's spontaneous actions at Haifa University's Laboratory for children's Librarianship in Israel, the author has attempted to answer these and related questions. Beginning readers with varied socio-economic and cultural backgrounds participated in the study; some 900 children from seven schools in Haifa were observed in the Laboratory. Beginning Readers, Mass Media, and Libraries describes the use of libraries from the point of view of a child in the process of acquiring reading skills. Preschoolers, first-graders, and second-graders, whose curiosity and interests are much greater than their skill at deciphering text, can be lost as readers and library users if their special difficulties and lack of experience are not taken into account by the libraries serving them. Sever suggests that library collections and services, including the use of mass media, can be created to help the beginning reader enjoy reading, be able to scrutinize mass media critically, and become an enthusiastic library user.
 

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Contents

THE BEGINNING READER AND THE LIBRARY
19
THE NEW LIBRARY USER
21
THE LIBRARY SPEAKS IN MANY TONGUES
22
CANT YOU READ?
24
NONVERBAL MESSAGES
26
ACHIEVING LITERACY
27
WHAT IS A LIBRARY FOR?
28
FUN OR WORK?
31
ACQUIRING COMMUNICATIVE SKILLS
106
UNDERSTANDING NARRATIVE
117
WHAT IS A NARRATIVE?
120
VISUAL NARRATIVES
138
THE LIBRARY AND MASS MEDIA
148
PREPARATION OF MATERIALS
152
THE BEGINNING READER AND THE LIBRARY
155
ORGANIZATION OF SPACE
161

PLAYING IN THE LIBRARY?
34
WHAT SHOULD I DO?
35
WHAT SHOULD I DO NOW?
36
WHERE SHOULD I SIT?
43
WHERE SHOULD I BEGIN?
48
EXPLORATION MANIPULATION AND EVALUATION
57
ORGANIZATION OF THE COLLECTION
59
WHAT SHALL I READ?
66
FAMILIARITY VERSUS THE UNKNOWN
68
FORMAT VERSUS CONTENTS
70
WHAT IS READING?
76
The Reading Ability of Beginners
79
READING IS MORE THAN DECIPHERING TEXT
83
DECIPHERING THE TEXT
162
COPING WITH TEXT
165
READING ALOUD AND TELLING STORIES
168
PRESENTING MASS MEDIA TO CHILDREN
171
READING AND THE MEDIA
177
CHILDREN AS CONSUMERS OF MASS MEDIA
187
CRITICAL READING AND VIEWING
196
EPILOGUE
199
NOTES AND REFERENCES
201
INDEX
215
ABOUT THE AUTHOR
223
Copyright

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About the author (1994)

Irene Sever (BA, Hebrew University, Jerusalem; MA, Haifa University; Ph.D Sorbonne) is senior lecturer at Haifa University on Mt. Carmel, Israel. After working for many years as a librarian in several scientific institutions, she changed course to anthropology and communications and began to concentrate on library services for children and the communicative skills of librarians. For over ten years she has taught courses on library services for children as well as on communications and mass media.

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