Behavioral Adaptation to Intertidal Life

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Springer Science & Business Media, Feb 1, 1989 - Science - 524 pages
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The NATO Advanced Research Workshop on "Behavioural Adaptation to Intertidal Life" held in Castiglioncello, Italy (May, 1987) was attended by 50 participants, most of whom presented requested lectures. It was perhaps the first time that specialists of various animal groups, from cnidarians to birds, were able to meet and discuss the importance of behavioural adaptation to this peculiar, sometimes very harsh environment. But the taxonomic barrier is not the only one which the meeting attemped to over come. Lately, the research on intertidal biology has spread from pure taxonomy and static analysis of community structure to such dynamic aspects as intra- and interspecific relationships, and physiological mechanisms aimed at avoiding stress and exploitation of limited-resources. This increasing interest stems not only from an inclination for this particular ecological system and some of its typical inhabitants, but also from the realization that rocky and sandy shore communities are suitable models for testing and improving some global theories of evolutionary biology, behavioural ecology and sociobiology. The number of eco-physiological and eco-ethological problems emerging from the study of intertidal animals is fascinatingly large and a complete understanding of this environment cannot be reached using a strictly "reductionistic" or a pure "holistic" approach.
 

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Contents

Clockcontrolled behaviour in intertidal animals
1
Migration or shelter? Behavioural options for deposit feeding crabs on tropical sandy shores
15
Activity rhythms in Siphonaria thersites
27
The timing of reproduction to distinct spring tide situations in the intertidal insect Clunio
45
Patterns of movement in intertidal fishes
55
Predation of intertidal fauna by shorebirds in relation to time of the day tide and year
65
interaction between magnetic and solar orientation
79
Aspects of direction finding inheritance in natural populations of littoral sandhoppers Talitrus saltator
93
evidence and constraints
265
Sexual difference in resource use in hermit crabs consequences and causes
283
Stabilizing processes in birdprey interactions on rocky shores
297
Behavioural plasticity as an adaptation to a variable environment
317
Design and analysis of field experiments on competitive interactions affecting behaviour of intertidal animals
333
behavioural plasticity in relation to overwinter survivorship of adult anemones
359
Interspecific interactions among selected intertidal stomatopods
371
Interpreting differences in the reproductive behaviour of fiddler crabs Genus Uca
387

Learning in zonal orientation of sandhoppers
105
Foraging excursion and homing in the tropical crab Eriphia smithi
119
lessons from land crabs
135
the perception of cues at different spatial scales
153
Analysis of movement patterns and orientation mechanisms in intertidal chitons and gastropods
173
field evidence and the hypothesis of trailpolymorphism
185
Interindividual variation in foraging behaviour within a temperate and a tropical species of carnivorous gastropods
197
morphological and behavioural adaptations of the gastropod Littorina africana
213
Interspecific behaviour and its reciprocal interaction with evolution population dynamics and community structure
225
Influence of the presence of congeneric species on the behavioural preferences of Hydrobia species
255
Some aspect of agonistic communication in intertidal hermit crabs
409
Intraspecific variations in reproductive tactics in males of the rocky intertidal fish Blennius sanguinolentus in the Azores
421
an ecological perspective
449
Ecoethology of mangroves
477
Physical processes of the coastal sea
491
PARTICIPANTS
509
SPECIES INDEX
511
SUBJECT INDEX
517
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