Belfast English and Standard English: Dialect Variation and Parameter Setting
The study of comparative syntax in closely related languages has yielded valuable insights into syntactic phenomena--for example in the study of the Romance languages--yet little comparative work has been done on English dialects. This is the first comparison of the syntax of Belfast English and Standard English, using Chomsky's Principles and Parameters/Minimalist framework. Alison Henry analyzes various Belfast English constructions and their Standard English counterparts to gain insight into both English syntax and syntactic theory in general. In the process, she makes valuable data on Belfast English readily available for the first time.
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Inversion in Embedded Questions
Subject Contact Relatives
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able adverbs agreement AGRS allow analysis appear apply approach argued asked Belfast English Case-marked chapter Chomsky claim clauses cliticisation complementiser consider construction containing contexts derivation dialect difference discussed element embedded embedded questions evidence example excluded expect explain fact forced grammar imperatives impossible indicates infinitives inversion involve John languages lexical subject look lower marked Mary matrix means Minimalist move movement negative never nominative noted null subject object obligatory occur optional overt parameter particular permit person plural possible present problem pronouns proposed questions raise relation relative remain requirement restricted seems semantic sentences similar singular concord speakers SPEC/AGRSP SPEC/CP spell-out standard English strong structures subject position suggests syntax tell Tense tion tives topic trigger ungrammatical varieties verb weak whereas wonder