Belfast English and Standard English: Dialect Variation and Parameter Setting
The study of comparative syntax in closely related languages has yielded valuable insights into syntactic phenomena--for example in the study of the Romance languages--yet little comparative work has been done on English dialects. This is the first comparison of the syntax of Belfast English and Standard English, using Chomsky's "Principles and Parameters"/Minimalist framework. Alison Henry analyzes various Belfast English constructions and their Standard English counterparts to gain insight into both English syntax and syntactic theory in general. In the process, she makes valuable data on Belfast English readily available for the first time.
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adverbs agreement AGRS allow inversion analysis appear argued auxiliary Belfast Eng Belfast English imperatives chapter Chomsky clitic cliticisation complementiser position construction dialect do-support element embedded clauses embedded inversion embedded questions English and standard example fact grammar Hiberno-English impossible infinitives inversion in embedded John lexical subject lexical verb lish main verb Mary Minimalist movement negative negative polarity items nominative Case-marked nominative pronoun non-standard noted null subject object shift obligatory occur optional Ottawa Valley overt complementiser overt subject parameter setting permit inversion plural possible postverbal subjects Principles and Parameters pro-drop languages raising verbs relative clauses requirement restricted S-structure Scandinavian languages seems semantic sentences singular concord speakers SPEC/AGRS SPEC/AGRSP SPEC/CP SPEC/Tense spell-out standard English structures subject contact relatives subject position Tense themuns tion tives trigger unaccusatives ungrammatical V-feature varieties verb raises Vikner weak object pronouns weak pronouns wh-criterion wh-element wh-questions wh-words youse
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