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according action Alabama American arms army arrested authority become believe belligerency body called carried cause charge citizens civil committee condition conduct Congress consideration considered Constitution course Cuban death Department desire duty effect enemy established Executive exists expressed fact favor feel field force foreign give given Government Grant Habana HALE hands honor House humanity important independence insurgents insurrection interest Island of Cuba laws letter liberty lives March matter ment military minister MORGAN native naturalized necessary never officers opinion parties passed peace persons political present President prisoners protection question rebellion recognition recognized RECORD referred regard relations Republic resolution respect Secretary Senator sent situation soldiers Spain Spaniards Spanish Spanish Government statement struggle taken tion town treaty troops United Weyler
Page 73 - If a war be made by invasion of a foreign nation, the President is not only authorized but bound to resist force by force. He does not initiate the war, but is bound to accept the challenge without waiting for any special legislative authority. And whether the hostile party be a foreign invader, or States organized in rebellion, it is none the less a war, although the declaration of it be "unilateral.
Page 28 - But the contest has at no time assumed the conditions which amount to a war in the sense of international law, or which would show the existence of a de facto political organization of the insurgents sufficient to justify a recognition of belligerency.
Page 202 - Referred to the Committee on Foreign Relations and ordered to be printed. To the Senate of the United States : I transmit herewith, in response to the resolution of the...
Page 161 - American vessels on the high seas in time of peace, bearing the American flag, remain under the jurisdiction of the country to which they belong, and therefore any visitation, molestation, or detention of such vessel by force, or by the exhibition of force, on the part of a foreign power is in derogation of the sovereignty of the United States.
Page 25 - ... it is scarcely possible to resist the conviction that the annexation of Cuba to our federal republic will be indispensable to the continuance and integrity of the Union itself.
Page 72 - By the Constitution, Congress alone has the power to declare a national or foreign war. It cannot declare war against a State, or any number of states, by virtue of any clause in the Constitution. The Constitution confers on the President the whole executive power. He is bound to take care that the laws be faithfully executed. He is Commander-in-Chief of the Army and Navy of the United States...
Page 73 - The battles of Palo Alto and Resaca de la Palma had been fought before the passage of the Act of Congress of May 13, 1846, which recognized "a state of war as existing by the act of the Republic of Mexico." This act not only provided for the future prosecution of the war, but was itself a vindication and ratification of the act of the President in accepting the challenge without a previous formal declaration of war by Congress.
Page 148 - Every habitation unoccupied will be burned by the troops. 3d. Every habitation from which does not float a white flag, as a signal that its occupants desire peace, will be reduced to ashes.