Bengali-English in East London: a study in urban multilingualism
Following two major waves of immigration after World War II, the Bangladeshi community in the East London borough of Tower Hamlets is now one of the largest in the Bangladeshi diaspora, counting some 65,000 people. This is the first in-depth study of language and language-use within this Bangladeshi community. Based on a corpus of spontaneous speech data collected within the area, it provides the reader with an overview of the linguistic characteristics of 'Bengali-English' as well as patterns of language-use. This book focuses on three areas: first, following the tradition of similar studies of the language of minority groups, an analysis of Bengali-English morphosyntax provides a detailed description of its morphosyntactic properties and the different developmental stages learners pass through. Second, a sociolinguistic analysis of the influence of social and psychological factors on the language and its speakers is presented. And last, based on quantitative survey data, and supported by qualitative data obtained through ethnographic interviews, the study evaluates the issues of identity and ethnolinguistic vitality within the Bangladeshi community.
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Tower Hamlets and the Bengali community
Analytic framework Describing BengaliEnglish
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acquired acquisition process age of arrival amongst analysis argue aspect auxiliary verbs Bangladeshi Bengali community Bengali-English Bengali/Sylheti borough Britain chapter five considered copular constructions copulas correlation discourse discussed English at home English language ethnic groups ethnically British example factors finite verb foreigner talk fossilisation guage hence home/family domain Hypothesis identity immigrant increasing indices inflection influence informants inter interethnic contact interviews Jamaican Creole Kershen Krashen L2 input L2 learners L2 performance L2 proficiency length of residence lexical verb Likert scale linguistic London vernacular means methodological modMLU native speakers non-native speakers obligatory contexts particular prepositions produce pronouns psycholinguistic respondents sample score second language acquisition seems significant social network sociolinguistic speakers of English speech community structures Sylheti syntactic categories T-units Table target language target-like tion Tower Hamlets Tower Hamlets College utterance length variables