Best Care at Lower Cost: The Path to Continuously Learning Health Care in America

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National Academies Press, Jun 10, 2013 - Medical - 436 pages
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America's health care system has become too complex and costly to continue business as usual. Best Care at Lower Cost explains that inefficiencies, an overwhelming amount of data, and other economic and quality barriers hinder progress in improving health and threaten the nation's economic stability and global competitiveness. According to this report, the knowledge and tools exist to put the health system on the right course to achieve continuous improvement and better quality care at a lower cost.

The costs of the system's current inefficiency underscore the urgent need for a systemwide transformation. About 30 percent of health spending in 2009--roughly $750 billion--was wasted on unnecessary services, excessive administrative costs, fraud, and other problems. Moreover, inefficiencies cause needless suffering. By one estimate, roughly 75,000 deaths might have been averted in 2005 if every state had delivered care at the quality level of the best performing state. This report states that the way health care providers currently train, practice, and learn new information cannot keep pace with the flood of research discoveries and technological advances.

About 75 million Americans have more than one chronic condition, requiring coordination among multiple specialists and therapies, which can increase the potential for miscommunication, misdiagnosis, potentially conflicting interventions, and dangerous drug interactions. Best Care at Lower Cost emphasizes that a better use of data is a critical element of a continuously improving health system, such as mobile technologies and electronic health records that offer significant potential to capture and share health data better. In order for this to occur, the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology, IT developers, and standard-setting organizations should ensure that these systems are robust and interoperable. Clinicians and care organizations should fully adopt these technologies, and patients should be encouraged to use tools, such as personal health information portals, to actively engage in their care.

This book is a call to action that will guide health care providers; administrators; caregivers; policy makers; health professionals; federal, state, and local government agencies; private and public health organizations; and educational institutions.

 

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Contents

Abstract
1
Summary
5
The Imperatives
45
1 Introduction and Overview
47
Managing Rapidly Increasing Complexity
63
Achieving Greater Value in Health Care
91
Capturing Opportunities from Technology Industry and Policy
111
The Vision
131
6 Generating and Applying Knowledge in Real Time
149
7 Engaging Patients Families and Communities
189
8 Achieving and Rewarding HighValue Care
227
9 Creating a New Culture of Care
255
10 Actions for Continuous Learning Best Care and Lower Costs
281
Glossary
313
A CEO Checklist for HighValue Health Care
315
ACA Provisions with Implications for a Learning Health Care System
389

5 A Continuously Learning Health Care System
133
The Path
147
Biosketches of Committee Members and Staff
401
Copyright

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