Better a hundred friends than a hundred rubles?: social networks in transition--the Kyrgyz Republic

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World Bank Publications, 2004 - Business & Economics - 71 pages
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'Better a Hundred Friends than a Hundred Rubles?' is part of the World Bank Working Paper series. These papers are published to communicate the results of the Bank's ongoing research and to stimulate public discussion.

The study of social networks in post-socialist countries is an important tool for bridging the policy gap between macro-level economic strategies and micro-level interventions. Better a Hundred Friends than a Hundred Rubles?examines the impact of economic transition and poverty on social networks in the Central Asian country of the Kyrgyz Republic.

The findings of this study illustrate the notable impact of poverty on the form and function of informal social networks of the poor and non-poor. They reveal the dynamics of how the poor both disengage from and are isolated by and from the non-poor. The study further describes how the social networks of poor and non-poor households have polarized and separated in a process that parallels the sharp socioeconomic stratification that has taken place since national independence in 1991. It also examines not only how the networks have separated, but also how each has changed in character.

 

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Page 22 - an association formed upon a core of participants who make regular contributions to a fund which is given in whole or in part to each contributor in turn
Page 13 - The more a social system is bureaucratically formalized, regulated, planned, and yet unable to fully satisfy social requirements, the more it tends to create informal mechanisms that escape the control of the system.
Page 23 - Rather, in local terms, bribery "implies a conflict of interest where one is to be 'compensated' for doing something one would not do otherwise, while blat is a form of cooperation and mutual support with a long-term perspective, implying trust rather than compensation for...
Page v - It incorporated two articles (71 and 72) enumerating exclusive federal and shared federal and regional areas of jurisdiction, but did not include an article enumerating or exclusively reserving certain powers for the regions. In the wake of the breakup of the Soviet Union and the violent showdown between the president and the Supreme Soviet of October 1993, in which many regional...

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