Between Europe and Islam: shaping modernity in a transcultural space
In the last two decades of the 20th century, theorising on modernity has entered a new stage. The former dichotomy between an active West exporting its successful model of modernity on a global scale and passive non-Westerners gratefully implementing this model in their own societies has been challenged by critical anthropology and postcolonial studies, and further elaborated upon within social theory. This volume focuses on Europe and the Islamic world as two historically constructed geo-civilisational domains, and shows that modernity was not achieved in splendid isolation in Europe, but in the tensions and conflicts within the « transcultural space between Europe and Islam. The impact of Islam as a complex civilising tradition on the making of Europe, and vice versa, impinged on the building of political, religious and scientific institutions and discourses. These sustained a continuous process of drawing, adjusting and transgressing symbolic and geo-political boundaries between the two civilisational realms, from medieval rivalries to present-day migration-related conflicts. This volume assembles seven contributions by historians and sociologists covering the whole of the modern era and focusing on the notion of a transcultural space and the discussion of revised concepts concerning the genesis and shape of modernity. In so doing, they try to escape both the apories of cultural relativism and the militancy of the « clash of civilizations.
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The Historical Background of the Modern
Orientalist Discourse and Nationalist Historical
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Between Europe and Islam: Shaping Modernity in a Transcultural Space
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Abrahamian Ahmad Kasravi al-Shayyal al-Tahtawi Arab basic beur Charef Chraibi Christian civil society civilisation components concept constituted construction context continual crystallisation cultural programme developed discourse discussion Driss Chraibi Egypt Egyptian elite emigration epistemological especially ethnographic ethnographic knowledge European University Institute framework French fundamentalist movements Ghurbal Gokalp Habel Haqqi Ibid idea identity ideological images immigrant important intellectuals Iran Islam Isma'il Jacobin Kasravi language liminal liminal situation literature Maghrebine Mehdi Charef Menashri Middle East modern societies modernisation mosque Muslim nineteenth century normative novel organised Orientalism Orientalist original Ottoman Empire pattern premises programmes of modernity public sphere reforms religion religious Reza Shah role secular secularisation seen self-image shari'a Shmuel Eisenstadt sixteenth century social sociology specific structure Szakolczai tensions tion traditional transcultural transcultural politics travel reports Turkey Turkish Turkish Threat Turks twofold liminality ulama Umm Hashim West Western