Between Heads and Phrases
GRIN Verlag, 2011 - 76 pages
Thesis (M.A.) from the year 2009 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Linguistics, grade: 2,0, University of Wuppertal (Anglistik/Amerikanistik), language: English, abstract: This master's thesis deals with the question how to deal with particles in phrasal verbs which are dealt with in different way. In the course of this work, it becomes obvious that particles are hybrids between prepositions and spatio-locative adverbs. But a clear assignment to one of the two categories is almost impossible as these elements provide a historically based interdependency between syntax and semantics. Starting from this perspective, the major claim is that the particles, leaving their literal domain, lose their lexical autonomy as they attach to the verbal head. Literal particles, like prepositions, are syntactically and semantically autonomous. Therefore, they may be treated as a subclass of the category preposition. This is not possible with particles in phrasal verbs which in facts are grammaticalized. This aspect seems to be neglected by the generative grammarians who concentrate on the explanation of particle movement. The questions which are dealt with are, above all, how to account for the particle movement and if the particle moves away from the verbal basis, which constituent then does assign the Case to the object noun phrase. Second aim of this paper is to risk attempt to provide some reason for the syntax-semantic interface within directional particles. It will be observed that today's directional prepositions and adverbial particles are related in so far as they originate in phrasal adverbs, formerly separable prefixes (Hiltunen 1983) which, owing to their concrete meaning and strong stress, have survived the changes. Thus, due to their favourable inherent semantics, adverbial particles in phrasal verbs have assumed three different forms and functions driven by the principle of split or dive
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
Abbreviations Phrases and Symbols used 59 8 References
Other editions - View all
Aarts abstract adverbial particles adverbs and prepositions aktionsart argument structure aspect assigned assume autonomous Bolinger Brinton Cappelle complex head context Curme D-structure denotes direct object directional adverbs discourse Dixon elements Elenbaas Emonds grammatical grammaticalization heads and phrases Hiltunen idiomatic inseparable prefixes intransitive prepositions Jackendoff Jackendoff 1973 Jill ran Johnson Kayne lexical autonomy lexical categories lexical decomposition analysis locative markers meaning Meillet metaphorical Middle English Middle English period move nominal complement nominal object noun phrase observed Old English particle movement particle verbs particles in phrasal phrasal verbs phrase structure rule points post-verbal postulates preposition stranding prepositional adverbs prepositional function proposed PrtP Quirk Rauh role semantic cohesion shift Small Clause analysis spatial adverbs spatio-locative Spencer and Zaretskaya status of particles stress subcategorize telic theta role transitive Traugott/König undergo undergone grammaticalization Vendler verb and particle verb-particle combination verbal complex VPCs word order alternations word-order alternations