Between Heaven and Earth: Divine Presence and Absence in the Book of Ezekiel

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Eisenbrauns, 2000 - Religion - 185 pages

With the destruction of the Jerusalem Temple and the exile of members of the Israelite community to the land of its enemies, whose gods were represented as divine statues, the prophet Ezekiel faced a challenge: how to respond to the enemies' taunts that Israel's God was absent, whereas the foreigners' gods self-evidently were present. Thus, to ask the question, "Where is God" was to face several complex and tangled problems. How is God to be represented? How is Yahweh to be differentiated from other deities? What is Yahweh's relationship to Israel in exile?

Kutsko sets out to answer these questions within the theme of divine presence and absence, particularly as it relates to the kabod theology in Ezekiel. He shows that God's absence becomes, for Ezekiel, an argument for his presence and power, while the presence of idols indicated their absence and impotence. Ezekiel extends this proposition into a corollary: God's presence is not consigned to sanctuary, for God is a sanctuary. In this regard, absence from the Temple is a message of judgment and the precursor to a message of restoration. If God can become a sanctuary, his presence in exile becomes a message of victory even over imperial powers. This conceptualization of Yahweh, then, ends up defining the power and position of Israel's God in distinctively universal terms. In this contribution, the book of Ezekiel plays a central and previously unappreciated role in the development of Israelite theology, and monotheism in particular.

 

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Contents

The Inquiry and Its Background
1
2 The Coherence of the Book of Ezekiel
5
3 Ezekiel and Other Israelite Traditions
10
4 Ezekiel and NonIsraelite Traditions
14
5 Summation and Outline
23
Idolatry and Theodicy Illegitimate Expressions for Gods Presence
25
2 Divine Images in the Book ofEzekiel
53
3 The Ethics of Idolatry in Ezekiel
70
5 Conclusion
99
Idolatry and Theonomy The Power of Gods Presence
101
2 Status and Treatment of Divine Images Captured in War
103
Renewal Recreation and Return
124
4 Conclusion
147
Summary and Conclusion
150
2 Impact of the Exile on the Theology ofEzekiel
154
Removal Repair and Return of Divine Images
157

4 Conclusion
75
Idolatry and Theophany Legitimate Expressions of Gods Presence
77
2 The kabôdTheology in the Priestly Tradition
79
3 The kabôdTheology in Ezekiel
87
4 Yahwehs Presence in Exile
94

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