Between Hierarchies and Markets: The Logic and Limits of Network Forms of Organization
This book conducts a survey into the ways in which the word 'network' has been deployed in a wide range of literature. In particular, it offers a commentary on how the idea of networks has been used to illustrate contemporary forms of socio-economic organization (as with the idea of a 'networksociety' or a 'network state', for instance), broadly conceived to also include the political aspects of networks. The term 'network' has become a ubiquitous metaphor to describe too many aspects of contemporary life. In doing so, Thompson argues, the term has lost much of its analytical precision and has no clear conceptual underpinnings. The problem is that something claiming to explain everything ends up byexplaining very little. The book brings some intellectual clarity to the discussion of networks by asking whether it is possible to construct a clearly demarcated idea of a network as a separable form of socio-economic coordination and governance mechanism with its own consistent logic. In doing this, the primary contrastis with hierarchies and markets as alternative and already well understood forms of socio-economic coordination each with their own distinctive logic.The author identifies two underlying programmatic issues: the question of whether there can be a particular logic to the network form of organization, and whether there are any limits to networks. He makes the argument that if networks are to mean anything then they must not apply to everything, sothis raises an obvious limit to their embrace. The questions thus become where and how to draw these limits. These are reviewed in the light of the concrete organizational forms that networks have taken in the contemporary period.
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activity Actor-Network Theory actor-networks actors agents analysis of networks analytical approach argued aspects assets associated Associationalism behaviour calculation Callon chain Chapter claim Clearly competitive complex conceived conception connections considered context conventional cooperation coordination and governance corporatism deal discussion distinction dynamic economic embeddedness established etal exchange existing firms forms of organization framework game theory gift economy gift giving global cities ICTs idea industrial innovation instance institutional intangible assets interactions interests Internet interorganizational involved issue kind knowledge logic market forms markets and hierarchies nature negotiation network forms networks operate norms notion organizational forms outcomes overall participants particular players policy networks political position potential problem production reciprocity relations relationships Sabel sector self-organizing social capital Social Network Analysis solidarity specific strategy structure tacit knowledge technological tion tional trade transaction cost trust United Kingdom whilst
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Cosmic Society: Towards a Sociology of the Universe
Peter Dickens,James S. Ormrod
No preview available - 2007