Between High and Low: A Chronology of the Early Hellenistic Period

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Verlag Antike, 2007 - History - 175 pages
The chronology of the period 323-311 BC, from the death of Alexander the Great until the battle of Gaza, and the way how Diodor of Sicily depicts it in the books 18-20 of his Universal History has occupied the scholarly world from the nineteenth century onwards. Two schools have dominated chronological research: the traditional or so-called high chronology and its opponent the low chronology. These chronological hypotheses disagree by one year at the end of the First Diadoch War and at the end of the Second Diadoch War, but the chronological gap is narrowed down to approximately six months at the end of the Third Diadoch War. A final complication is that both hypotheses agree on the chronology for the events in Asia Minor following Antipaters return to Europe until Eumenes retreat to the East during the Second Diadoch War. The author explores the chronological information in Babylonian, Aramaic, Egyptian and Lydian source material to reconstruct the events mentioned by Diodor. On the basis of Babylonian cuneiform evidence and the date formulas from Aramaic ostraca originating from Idumaea he proposes to combine the low chronology at the beginning with the high chronology later.
 

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Contents

Introduction
13
A political history from Alexander the Great until the Successor
40
the third Diadoch War
59
Appendix
95
Political history of the early Hellenistic period after Alexanders
111
Hellenistic period
120
Conclusion
151
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