Between Terror and Tolerance: Religious Leaders, Conflict, and Peacemaking

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Timothy D. Sisk
Georgetown University Press, Nov 21, 2011 - Political Science - 280 pages
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Civil war and conflict within countries is the most prevalent threat to peace and security in the opening decades of the twenty-first century. A pivotal factor in the escalation of tensions to open conflict is the role of elites in exacerbating tensions along identity lines by giving the ideological justification, moral reasoning, and call to violence. Between Terror and Tolerance examines the varied roles of religious leaders in societies deeply divided by ethnic, racial, or religious conflict. The chapters in this book explore cases when religious leaders have justified or catalyzed violence along identity lines, and other instances when religious elites have played a critical role in easing tensions or even laying the foundation for peace and reconciliation.

This volume features thematic chapters on the linkages between religion, nationalism, and intolerance, transnational intra-faith conflict in the Shi’a-Sunni divide, and country case studies of societal divisions or conflicts in Egypt, Israel and Palestine, Kashmir, Lebanon, Nigeria, Northern Ireland, Sri Lanka, Sudan, and Tajikistan. The concluding chapter explores the findings and their implications for policies and programs of international non-governmental organizations that seek to encourage and enhance the capacity of religious leaders to play a constructive role in conflict resolution.

 

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Contents

Religious Leaders Conflict and Peacemaking
1
CHAPTER 1 Religion Nationalism and Intolerance
9
CHAPTER 2 Religious Leaders Sectarianism and the SunniShia Divide in Islam
29
The Vatican Maronites and the War in Lebanon
49
CHAPTER 4 Globalization Religion and Nationalism in Israel and Palestine
69
CHAPTER 5 Egypt and the Legacy of Sectarianism
85
Sharia Identity Politics and Human Rights
105
CHAPTER 7 Nigerias Religious Leaders in an Age of Radicalism and Neoliberalism
123
Religious Leaders in Northern Ireland
145
CHAPTER 9 Religion War and Peace in Tajikistan
169
Buddhism and the Peace Process in Sri Lanka
183
Religious Leadership and the Conflict in Kashmir
201
From Terror to Tolerance to Coexistence in Deeply Divided Societies
227
List of Contributors
241
Index
247
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About the author (2011)

Timothy D. Sisk is a professor of international and comparative politics and director of the Center for Sustainable Development and International Peace at the Joseph Korbel School of International Studies, University of Denver. He is the author or editor of several books including International Mediation in Civil Wars: Bargaining with Bullets.

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