Between Zeus and the salmon: the biodemography of longevity
Kenneth W. Wachter, Caleb Ellicott Finch, National Research Council (U.S.). Committee on Population
National Academy Press, Nov 1, 1997 - Health & Fitness - 285 pages
Demographers and public health specialists have been surprised by the rapid increases in life expectancy, especially at the oldest ages, that have occurred since the early 1960s. Some scientists are calling into question the idea of a fixed upper limit for the human life span. There is new evidence about the genetic bases for both humans and other species. There are also new theories and models of the role of mutations accumulating over the life span and the possible evolutionary advantages of survival after the reproductive years. This volume deals with such diverse topics as the role of the elderly in other species and among human societies past and present, the contribution of evolutionary theory to our understanding of human longevity and intergenerational transfers, mathematical models for survival, and the potential for collecting genetic material in household surveys. It will be particularly valuable for promoting communication between the social and life sciences.
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THE EMPIRICAL DEMOGRAPHY OF SURVIVAL
EVOLUTIONARY THEORY AND SENESCENCE
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Ache adult age-specific mortality alleles analysis animals approach associated Austad average behavior biodemography Biology Blurton Jones Caenorhabditis elegans Carey cells changes Charlesworth chimpanzees chromosome Curtsinger death rates deceleration demographic density disease Drosophila melanogaster Ecology effects elephant environment environmental eusociality evolution evolutionary theory evolved example expectancy females fertility Figure Finch fitness foraging genes genetic genotype gerontogenes groups Hadza hazard function Hill and Hurtado human longevity human populations hunter-gatherers hypothesis increased individuals investment J.W. Vaupel Kaplan Kung life-history limit live males mammals maximum life span medflies menopause mortality decline mortality rates mutation natural selection nematode offspring older ages oocytes optimal organisms parents Partridge pattern percent period phenotype physiological pleiotropy postreproductive preadaptation predators predictions primates production QTL mapping reproduction role Rose senescence social societies species studies surveys survival theoretical tion tradeoff traits transfer flows University Press variability variation vegetative reproduction wasps whales Wilmoth
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