Between prison and probation: intermediate punishments in a rational sentencing system
Oxford University Press, Apr 12, 1990 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 283 pages
Across the country prisons are jammed to capacity, and in extreme cases, barges and mobile homes are used to stem the overflow. Probation officers in some cities have caseloads of 200 and more--hardly a manageable number of offenders to track and supervise. And with about one million people in prison and jail, and two and a half million on probation, it is clear we are experiencing a crisis in our penal system.
In Between Prison and Probation, Norval Morris and Michael Tonry, two of the nation's leading criminologists, offer an important and timely strategy for alleviating these problems. They argue that our overwhelmed corrections system cannot cope with the flow of convicted offenders because the two extremes of punishment--imprisonment and probation--are both used excessively, with a near-vacuum of useful punishments in between. Morris and Tonry propose instead a comprehensive program that relies on a range of punishment including fines and other financial sanctions, community service, house arrest, intensive probation, closely supervised treatment programs for drugs, alcohol and mental illness, and electronic monitoring of movement. Used in rational combinations, these "intermediate" punishments would better serve the community than our present polarised choice. Serious consideration of these punishments has been hindered by the widespread perception that they are therapeutic rather than punitive. The reality, however, Morris and Tonry argue, "is that the American criminal justice system is both too severe and too lenient--almost randomly." Systematically implemented and rigorously enforced, intermediate punishments can "better and more economically serve the community, the victim, and the criminal than the prison terms and probation orders they supplant."
Between Prison and Probation goes beyond mere advocacy of an increasing use of interdediate punishments; the book also addresses the difficult task of fitting these punishments into a comprehensive, fair and community-protective sentencing system.
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Between prison and probation: intermediate punishments in a rational sentencing systemUser Review - Not Available - Book Verdict
In recent years both the "rehabilitation model'' of sentencing and the "lock 'em up'' approach to punishment have failed to stand up to evaluative research. These two well-known criminologists propose ... Read full review
Interchangeability of Punishments in Principle
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achieved addiction administrator alcohol alternative American appropriate autonomy behavior collection community service order community-based punishments comprehensive sentencing system convicted offender costs court criminal justice system criminal record day-fine decisions deserved punishment Determinate Sentencing deterrent effective electronic monitoring enforcement equality evaluations exchange rates experience federal felony fines grid H. L. A. Hart house arrest imposed imposition imprisonment incarceration incarcerative Institute of Justice intensive probation intensive supervision probation interchangeable punishments intermediate punishments ishment judges jurisdictions less mandatory sentencing ment mental illness Michael Tonry Minnesota Model Penal Code months munity service offender's penal percent plea bargaining practice principle prison and jail prison or jail prison sentences prison term probation officer problem proposed punishment system punitive purposes at sentencing reasons rehabilitative release restitution rough equivalence sanctions sentencing laws sentencing reform severity sexual social tencing tion tive U.S. attorneys U.S. Sentencing Commission Washington West Germany York
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