Beyond Black and White: Race, Ethnicity, and Gender in the U.S. South and Southwest
Although Americans have traditionally treated race relations as a matter of black and white, race in this country is much more complex. Beyond Black and White: Race, Ethnicity, and Gender in the U.S. South and Southwest brings new perspectives to the oversimplification of racial categories and new insight into the complexity of social relationships in these two important regions. Although the topics covered range from law in the South in the nineteenth century to political activism by Mexican Americans in the twentieth century, they begin with a common viewpoint: If we are to understand the complexity of race in the United States, we must go beyond thinking in black and white.
A product of the Walter Prescott Webb Lectures held at the University of Texas at Arlington in 2000, this volume provides links between ideas and events within Southern history to that of the Southwest. In their various chapters, the seven contributors illustrate that elites' common (and inaccurate) use of dichotomous categories to describe social relationships—not only black and white, but also male and female, slave and free, dependent and independent—have shored up white power in both regions. Together they illustrate multilevel social diversity, and demonstrate that acceptance then and now of simple binaries has impeded efforts by groups outside those categories to claim recognition, rights, and privileges on their own terms.
All those interested in race and public policy as well as social activism concerning with racial, ethnic, and gender issues will find in these thought-provoking analyses a doorway to deeper understanding.
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List of Contributors
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actions African Americans American GI Forum Anglo assault authority binary black and white black-white blood Boley Burgess California census Chinese citizens citizenship civil rights claimed color Committee common law court Creek freedmen crime criminal Cubans Culture Dallas Dallas Times Herald differences domestic dependents El Paso ethnic Florida free white frontier gender Granville County groups Harjo Hispanic historians household heads husbands ican Indian injuries Jim Crow Justice Latin lynching of Mexicans lynching victims Mexi Mexican Americans Mexican lynching Mexico mob violence murder National NCDAH Negro Neil Foley nineteenth century North Carolina officials Oklahoma Paso patriarchal political population protest race relations residents Sarah Chandler SCDAH segregation Slavery slaves social southern Southwest Spanish Spanish-American War Statev Stephanie Cole Tampa Territory Texas Rangers Thomas Burgess Thomas Chandler tion Tolnay and Beck United violence against Mexicans Violet Washington West white mobs wives women wrote York