Beyond Expulsion: Jews, Christians, and Reformation Strasbourg
Beyond Expulsion is a history of Jewish-Christian interactions in early modern Strasbourg, a city from which the Jews had been expelled and banned from residence in the late fourteenth century. This study shows that the Jews who remained in the Alsatian countryside continued to maintain relationships with the city and its residents in the ensuing period. During most of the sixteenth century, Jews entered Strasbourg on a daily basis, where they participated in the city's markets, litigated in its courts, and shared their knowledge of Hebrew and Judaica with Protestant Reformers. By the end of the sixteenth century, Strasbourg became an increasingly orthodox Lutheran city, and city magistrates and religious leaders sought to curtail contact between Jews and Christians. This book unearths the active Jewish participation in early modern society, traces the impact of the Reformation on local Jews, discusses the meaning of tolerance, and describes the shifting boundaries that divided Jewish and Christian communities.
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List of Illustrations
Social Interactions in the Countryside
SelfTexts the Reformation
Becoming French Alsatian Jews in the Wake
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Abray ADBR Alsatian Alsatian Jews antisemitic archives Asher Ashkenaz Augsburg biblical bishop of Strasbourg Book of Esther burghers Catholic cemetery Christian Hebraists church city of Strasbourg city’s claimed clerics commentary confessionalization contacts between Jews contemporary countryside court Culture d’Alsace David Kimhi early modern period economic Elijah Levita Empire example expelled expulsion Fischart Frankfurt German God’s Gulden Hagenau Hebraica Hebrew Historical Writings Ibid idem imperial interactions Jacob Jaeckel Jerusalem Jewish commerce Jewish community Jewish History Jewish-Christian Jews and Christians JNUL Johann Johannes Pappus Josel Joseph of Rosheim Judaism Juifs kehilla laws leaders letter loan Lutheran magisterial magistrates Marlenheim Martin Bucer medieval Meier Mentgen neighbors Oberbergheim Paul Fagius Protestant Purim rabbis records Reformation Reichshofen Reichskammergericht religious residents ritual rural Jews Schadeus Scheid Sefer Seventeenth Century sixteenth century social sought Strasbourg’s magistrates Strassburg Studies synagogue Talmud texts theologians theology translation University Press urban villages Wolfgang Capito women wrote