Beyond Free and Fair: Monitoring Elections and Building Democracy

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Woodrow Wilson Center Press, 2004 - Political Science - 383 pages
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Beyond Free and Fair Elections: Monitoring Elections and Building Democracy draws on worldwide experience since the mid-1980s to evaluate international election monitoring and domestic monitoring, and their contributions to democracy promotion and democratic change. In this book, Eric Bjornlund provides an overview of what election monitoring is, where it comes from, and how it is currently conducted, and he educes general lessons for democracy promotion. Bjornlund reports on actual practice, including case studies of particular election monitoring efforts and the author's own experience in the field, and on a few previous efforts to synthesize guidelines and lessons learned. Case studies include Cambodia, Zimbabwe, the Philippines, and Indonesia, with the last especially providing an opportunity to show how domestic monitors can be supported by international monitors, funders, and advisers. Bjornlund also devotes a chapter to the influential election monitoring work of former president Jimmy Carter. The author criticizes the tendency to view elections and election monitoring narrowly rather than as part of broader strategies to build democracy. He makes practical recommendations about how election monitoring should evolve in the future if it is to continue to contribute to genuine democratization.
 

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Contents

List of Tables
xiii
List of Acronyms and Abbreviations
xxi
The Emergence of Election Monitoring
3
The Expansion of Democracy and Democracy Promotion
20
Elections and Election Monitoring
31
Jimmy Carter and the Popularization of International
74
Toward Free and Fair Elections?
94
The Scope and Methodology of International Election
129
Challenges to International Election Observation
163
Domestic Election Monitoring
187
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About the author (2004)

Eric Bjornlund is a founder and principal of Democracy International, which evaluates and assists democracy and governance programs worldwide. He has also been associate director and Asia director of the National Democratic Institute for International Affairs. He was a fellow at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars in 2000--2001.

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