Beyond Pleasure: Cultures of Modern Asceticism

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Evert Peeters, Leen Van Molle, Kaat Wils
Berghahn Books, Apr 30, 2011 - History - 260 pages
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Asceticism, so it is argued in this volume, is a modern category. The ubiquitous cult of the body, of fitness and diet equally evokes the ongoing success of ascetic practices and beliefs. Nostalgic memories of hardship and discipline in the army, youth movements or boarding schools remain as present as the fashionable irritation with the presumed modern-day laziness. In the very texture of contemporary culture, age-old asceticism proves to be remarkably alive. Old ascetic forms were remoulded to serve modern desires for personal authenticity, an authenticity that disconnected asceticism in the course of the nineteenth century from two traditions that had underpinned it since classical antiquity: the public, republican austerity of antiquity and the private, religious asceticism of Christianity. Exploring various aspects such as the history of the body, of aesthetics, science, and social thought in several European countries (Great Britain, France, Germany, Austria and Belgium), the authors show that modern asceticism remains a deeply ambivalent category. Apart from self-realisation, classical and religious examples continue to haunt the ascetic mind.

 

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Contents

A Historical Exploration
1
Part I Cult Places of Authenticity
19
Asceticism and Liberation in Belgian Lebensreform
21
Patients as Clients in Wilhelmine Sanatoria
42
Part II Social Regulation of Pleasure
63
Visual Pleasure and Film Censorship in Comparative Perspective
65
Abstinence in Practice and Principle in British Marriages 1890s1940s
87
5 Asceticism in Modern Social Thought
106
The Promotion of Austerity in Interior Design during the Interwar Period in Flanders Belgium
144
Part IV The Lonely Passions of Science
169
Marie Curies Scientific Asceticism and the Culture of Professional Science
171
9 Ludwig Wittgenstein the Tractatus and the Linguistic Turn in Modern Asceticism
190
Part V Discipline in the Age of Affluence
205
The Culture of Postwar Reconstruction in Western Europe between Asceticism and AntiAsceticism
207
11 Modern Asceticism and Contemporary Body Culture
227
Notes on Contributors
245

Part III Aesthetics and Distinction
121
6 Adolf Loos and the Doric Order
123

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About the author (2011)

Evert Peeters received his Ph.D. in history from the University of Leuven, where he is currently working as a postdoctoral research fellow. He has published on Lebensreform in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century and on historiography and nationalism in early nineteenth-century Belgium.

Leen Van Molle teaches contemporary social history at the University of Leuven. Her main research interests are in rural and gender history. She has recently published on Belgian women entrepreneurs, the history of allotment gardening and an overview of recent research on rural history in the North Sea area.

Kaat Wils teaches contemporary cultural history at the University of Leuven. Her research focuses on the gendered history of medicine and the human sciences in the nineteenth and twentieth century and on nineteenth-century positivism and intellectual culture.

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