Beyond Spinoff: Military and Commercial Technologies in a Changing World

Front Cover
Both U.S. commercial businesses and the military are increasingly dependent on technology for success and survival. In the age of smart factories and smart weapons, technological prowess is equally essential for success in the marketplace and on the battlefield. In the past, when American industry enjoyed a commanding lead over its international competitors, "spinoff" from military R&D and procurement to commercial applications was thought to be sufficient to ensure industrial leadership. But, as the authors explain, spinoff has never been an effective approach to enriching commercial technology; at best it is a weak and expensive substitute for more direct support of the commercial technology base. With defense budgets shrinking, and U.S. industry under siege by formidable foreign competitors, it is time to rethink the military-commercial relationship and define more realistic policies for government. Business leaders and policymakers must understand how technological innovation really works in both the commercial and defense sectors, and how each sector can best draw upon and support the other. To capture high-tech commercial markets and preserve defense capabilities, business and government will have to devise new approaches for managing a firm's technology strategy and new ideas for enhancing the government's partnership with private industry. This book, packed with data, case studies, and policy recommendations, offers fresh insights into the management of technology in the firm and new approaches to U.S. technology policy based on sound economics, practical management, and the challenges of global markets. It will be required reading for decision makers in industry and government, and for all those concerned with U.S. competitiveness.
 

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Contents

The Changing Role of Technology in Military and Economic Power
11
Technology Policy and the Technology Base
28
MilitaryCommercial Technology Linkages
54
Patterns of Investment in DualUse Resources People and Technology
87
MilitaryCommercial Segregation Defense Policies and Their Effects on Dual Use
133
DualUse Industry Structure and and Strategy
164
The Top Defense Contractors
189
The Top 50 Industrial Sectors with the Most Defense Shipments
198
Microelectronics Two Industries One Technology
255
Software Productivity Puzzles Policy Challenges
283
Manufacturing An Agenda for Competitiveness
314
The Air Force and Numerical Control
350
DualUse Technology The Search for Synergy
359
Beyond Spinoff Mapping Out a New Federal Technology Policy
369
Index
411
Copyright

CrossNational Comparisons
209

Common terms and phrases

Bibliographic information