Beyond epistemology: a pragmatist approach to feminist science studies
Social critics, and especially feminist researchers, have long argued that science makes life difficult for society's weakest members. Many of the feminist critiques, particularly, have been based in epistemology. Sharyn Clough supports the intervention into science, but rejects the feminists' prevalent focus on epistemology in favor of a more empirical approach. Beyond Epistemology argues that the best way to discard sexist and racist science is to encourage more accurate data and methods. Using a case study from evolutionary biology, Clough shows how inadequate empirical philosophy is in creating real change in the sciences. Instead, she supports a more pragmatic approach based on the work of Richard Rorty and Donald Davidson. This work encourages Clough's fellow feminists to refocus their critiques and discard their philosophical debates about epistemology.
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Feminist Epistemology and Evolutionary Theory
Kellers Epistemological Reflections on Gender and Science
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analysis androcentrism argues arguments beliefs biological Blackwell Bleier capacity causal chapter Chodorow cognitive coherence concern correspondence criteria critique Darwin Davidson discussion Donald Davidson empirical data empiricism empiricist ence entrenched epistemic epistemological essay Evelyn Fox Keller evidence evolutionary example explains female feminine feminism feminist critics feminist epistemology feminist science studies filters focus functional gender global skepticism Goodman Harding Hollingworth 1914 human hypothesis justification Keller knowledge claims language Longino male masculine maximal objectivity menstruation metaphysical method nature nonrepresentationalist normative properties object relations theory objectivism objectivist oppression overgeneral particular pathogens philosophical pragmatic pragmatist predicates principle of charity problem Profet psychoanalytic question Quine Quine's races radical interpreter Ramberg relativism relativist representationalism representationalist model representations Richard Rorty role Rorty Rorty's Sandra Harding scheme/content science criticism scientific theories sensory sentences sex differences sexism sexual selection social standpoint subjective tion true truth underdetermination variability women worldview writes