Beyond labeling: the role of maternal input in the acquisition of richly structured categories, Issue 253
University of Chicago Press, 1998 - Family & Relationships - 159 pages
Recent research shows that pre-school children are skilled classifiers, using categories to organize information and extend knowledge. Focusing on the role of maternal input, this monograph provides one of the first detailed examinations of how mothers convey information about category structure to their children.
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analyses animals and artifacts ANOVA anteaters appearance-reality artifact book basic-level bird cate category e.g. category members category structure cave chil child children's questions coders Composite score contrasting category correlations custom-designed books domain differences domain-specific properties Dyad essentialist examined familiarity ratings farm animal book focused frequent for animals Gelman gestural links gory horses included individual pictures Keil labels linking gestures main effect Markman maternal input maternal speech matic mean number mothers provided natural kinds nomic nonobvious properties number of coded ostension parental input participant patterns picture books picture type pictures e.g. pointing predicted reference regarding rela relation types relational statements relations linking richly structured categories same-category instances similarity relations similarity scores Spearman's rho specific talk target target-category pictures taxo taxonomic and thematic taxonomic categories taxonomic relations teleology texts thematic associate thematic relations thematic-associate picture tions total number transcripts truck book tures universal quantifiers within-category similarity within-target-category relations zebra