Beyond the Great Story: History as Text and Discourse

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Harvard University Press, 1997 - History - 381 pages
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What legitimate form can history take when faced by the severe challenges issued in recent years by literary, rhetorical, multiculturalist, and feminist theories? That is the question considered in this long-awaited and pathbreaking book. Robert F. Berkhofer, Jr., addresses the essential practical concern of contemporary historians; he offers a way actually to go about reading and writing histories in light of the many contesting theories.

Berkhofer ranges through a vast archive of recent writings by a broad range of authors. He explicates the opposing paradigms and their corresponding dilemmas by presenting in dialogue form the positions of modernists and postmodernists, formalists and deconstructionists, textualists and contextualists. Poststructuralism, the New Historicism, the New Anthropology, the New Philosophy of History--these and many other approaches are illuminated in new ways in these comprehensive, interdisciplinary explorations.

From them, Berkhofer arrives at a clear vision of the forms historical discourse might take, advocates a new approach to historical criticism, and proposes new forms of historical representation that encompass multiculturalism, poetics, and reflexive (con)textualization. He elegantly blends traditional and new methodology; assesses what the "revival of the narrative" actually entails; considers the politics of disciplinary frameworks; and derives coherent new approaches to writing, teaching, reviewing, and reading histories.

 

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(45쪽)
콜럼버스의 항해와 그로 인한 아메리카 대륙 '발견'이, 발견이냐, 침공이냐, 정복이냐, 접촉이냐, 관계냐, 개인이냐, 그도 아닌 그 무엇이냐...
이 문제에 관해서는 더 커다란 맥락과 '거대 이야기'(Great
Story)라고 하는 까다로운 문제라고 하는 것 말고는 학자들 사이에 의견 일치를 본 것이 없다. 팩트 그 자체만으로는 그 이슈를 확정지을 수 없다. 

Contents

Debating the Implications
11
Clio at the Crossroads
25
Great Stories and the Search for a Larger Context
40
The Insufficiency of Facts
53
History versus Fiction
66
A Formal Taxonomy of Textual Analysis
88
A New Poetics of Historical Criticism
103
Historicizing Time
106
Partiality as Voice and Viewpoint
138
Representing Multiple Viewpoints and Voices
170
Politics and Paradigms
202
Reflexive ConTextualization
243
85
331
Acknowledgments
367
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About the author (1997)

Robert F. Berkhofer, Jr., was Professor of History at the University of California, Santa Cruz. His many publications include Salvation and the Savage: An Analysis of Protestant Missions and American Indian Response, 1787e"1962; A Behavioral Approach to Historical Analysis; and The White Mane(tm)s Indian: Images of the American Indian from Columbus to the Present.

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