Beyond the Headlines: An Agenda for Action to Protect Civilians in Neglected Conflicts

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Oxfam, 2003 - Political Science - 54 pages
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A campaigning report detailing how civilians--especially those in the 'forgotten' conflicts around the world--are suffering as humanitarian aid follows political priorities rather than the greatest need. It reviews the issues around humanitarian protection with illustrative examples from conflicts as diverse as Afghanistan, East Timor, Liberia, Bosnia, the Phillippines, Mozambique and Burundi. For all involved in humanitarian work as planners and managers, as well as researchers, policy advisers and politicians.

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Page 40 - January 1951 and owing to a wellfounded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion, is outside the country of his nationality and is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail himself of the protection of that country...
Page 44 - Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act of 2001 (USA Patriot Act) was enacted on October 26, 2001.
Page 53 - Charter, including those on external borders; • to promote international cooperation; to develop and consolidate democracy and the rule of law, and respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms.
Page 10 - Geneva and signed a convention which became the legal forerunner to what are now the four Geneva Conventions of 1949, and their two Additional Protocols of 1977.
Page 10 - ... which may be expected to cause incidental loss of civilian life, injury to civilians, damage to civilian objects, or a combination thereof, which would be excessive in relation to the concrete and direct military advantage anticipated.
Page 2 - Group of 8 (G8) is a group of eight countries: Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States. The...
Page 23 - Those guidelines stressed, inter alia, that humanitarian assistance must be provided in accordance with the principles of humanity, neutrality and impartiality; that the sovereignty, territorial integrity and national unity of States must be fully respected in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations...
Page 52 - ... in the report of the International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty (ICISS). See The Responsibility to Protect: Report of the International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty (Ottawa, 2001).
Page 21 - Council also extended the mandate of the United Nations Organization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUC) until 31 March 2005, authorized an increase in its strength by 5,900 personnel and expanded its mandate.
Page 52 - Thirdly, the responsibility to protect means not just the "responsibility to react," but the "responsibility to prevent" and the "responsibility to rebuild" as well. It directs our attention to the costs and results of action versus no action, and provides conceptual, normative and operational linkages between assistance, intervention and reconstruction.

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About the author (2003)

Amelia Bookstein is the Policy Advisor for Conflict and Natural Disasters at Oxfam GB.

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