Bibliometrics and Citation Analysis: From the Science Citation Index to Cybermetrics

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Scarecrow Press, Mar 9, 2009 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 450 pages
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Can the methods of science be directed toward science itself? How did it happen that scientists, scientific documents, and their bibliographic links came to be regarded as mathematical variables in abstract models of scientific communication? What is the role of quantitative analyses of scientific and technical documentation in current science policy and management? Bibliometrics and Citation Analysis: From the Science Citation Index to Cybermetrics answers these questions through a comprehensive overview of theories, techniques, concepts, and applications in the interdisciplinary and steadily growing field of bibliometrics.

Since citation indexes came into the limelight during the mid-1960s, citation networks have become increasingly important for many different research fields. The book begins by investigating the empirical, philosophical, and mathematical foundations of bibliometrics, including its beginnings with the Science Citation Index, the theoretical framework behind it, and its mathematical underpinnings. It then examines the application of bibliometrics and citation analysis in the sciences and science studies, especially the sociology of science and science policy. Finally it provides a view of the future of bibliometrics, exploring in detail the ongoing extension of bibliometric methods to the structure and dynamics of the World Wide Web.

This book gives newcomers to the field of bibliometrics an accessible entry point to an entire research tradition otherwise scattered through a vast amount of journal literature. At the same time, it brings to the forefront the cross-disciplinary linkages between the various fields (sociology, philosophy, mathematics, politics) that intersect at the crossroads of citation analysis. Because of its discursive and interdisciplinary approach, the book is useful to those in every area of scholarship involved in the quantitative analysis of information exchanges, but also to science historians and general readers who simply wish to familiarize them
 

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Contents

Terminological Issues and Early Historical Developments
1
The Science Citation Index
23
Bernal Merton Price Garfield and Small
49
Chapter 04 The Mathematical Foundations of Bibliometrics
75
Bibliographic Citations at the Service of the History and Sociology of Science
141
Bibliographic Citations at the Service of Science Policy and Management
181
Citation as Rhetorical Device and the Criticisms to the Normative Model
243
From Bibliometrics to Cybermetrics
285
Conclusions
335
Selected Bibliography
339
Index
395
About the Author
417
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About the author (2009)

Nicola De Bellis is a medical librarian at the University of Modena and Reggio Emilia.

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