Bibliometrics and Citation Analysis: From the Science Citation Index to Cybermetrics
Can the methods of science be directed toward science itself? How did it happen that scientists, scientific documents, and their bibliographic links came to be regarded as mathematical variables in abstract models of scientific communication? What is the role of quantitative analyses of scientific and technical documentation in current science policy and management? Bibliometrics and Citation Analysis: From the Science Citation Index to Cybermetrics answers these questions through a comprehensive overview of theories, techniques, concepts, and applications in the interdisciplinary and steadily growing field of bibliometrics.
Since citation indexes came into the limelight during the mid-1960s, citation networks have become increasingly important for many different research fields. The book begins by investigating the empirical, philosophical, and mathematical foundations of bibliometrics, including its beginnings with the Science Citation Index, the theoretical framework behind it, and its mathematical underpinnings. It then examines the application of bibliometrics and citation analysis in the sciences and science studies, especially the sociology of science and science policy. Finally it provides a view of the future of bibliometrics, exploring in detail the ongoing extension of bibliometric methods to the structure and dynamics of the World Wide Web.
This book gives newcomers to the field of bibliometrics an accessible entry point to an entire research tradition otherwise scattered through a vast amount of journal literature. At the same time, it brings to the forefront the cross-disciplinary linkages between the various fields (sociology, philosophy, mathematics, politics) that intersect at the crossroads of citation analysis. Because of its discursive and interdisciplinary approach, the book is useful to those in every area of scholarship involved in the quantitative analysis of information exchanges, but also to science historians and general readers who simply wish to familiarize them
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Chapter 04 The Mathematical Foundations of Bibliometrics
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algorithm American Society authors basic behavior bibliographic citations Bibliographic Coupling bibliometric bibliometricians Bradford’s Law citation analysis citation counts citation data citation impact citation indexes citation network citation rates citation scores CiteSeer classic co-citation analysis co-word complex concepts database datasets Derek Price distribution dynamics Egghe empirical ence Eugene Garfield Garfield Glanzel h-Index highly cited hyperlink Impact Factors indicators individual inﬂuence information retrieval Information Science Information Scientist Informetrics intellectual Journal of Documentation Journal of Information Library Lotka’s Law mathematical Matthew Effect measures methodological number of citations Open Access patent citation patterns performance power law Price productivity publication published quantitative reﬂect relevant research fields Review scholarly Science and Technology scientific communication scientific literature Scientometrics skewed Society for Information sources statistical stochastic structure techniques theoretical theory tion tool University validity variables Webometrics World Wide Web Zipf’s Law