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NON EXTRACTION TREATMENT
DIAGNOSTIC AND TREATMENT PLANNING PRINCIPLES
THE EXTRACTION DECISION
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activity addition alignment anchorage anchorage conditions Angle appliance arch wire bite bracket canines cephalometric changes Class Class II clinical close compared completed correct crowding crown dental dimension directing distally effect elastics eruption evaluated example expansion extraction treatment face facial pattern force functional gram growth headgear height hooks increase indicated inserted involves labial lateral less lingual loss lower arch lower incisor maintain malocclusion mandible mandibular maxillary arch maxillary incisors maxillary lip maximum means ment mesial midline mixed dentition models molars molars distally months move movement necessary normal noted occlusal occurs Orthod orthodontic orthodontic treatment orthopedic overjet patients placed position post treatment posterior premolars problem procedures protraction reason reduced relapse relation relationship removable requires resolve retainers retention retraction rotation second molars side slots space springs SS wire stability surgery surgical teeth tend tion tooth treated uprighting usually vertical