Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning: Synthesis and Perspectives
Michel Loreau, Shahid Naeem, Pablo Inchausti
Oxford University Press, 2002 - Science - 294 pages
The relationship between biodiversity and ecosystem functioning has emerged as one of the most exciting and dynamic areas in contemporary ecology. Increasing domination of ecosystems by humans is steadily transforming them into depauperate systems. How will this loss of biodiversity affect the functioning and stability of natural and managed ecosystems? This volume provides the first comprehensive and balanced coverage of recent empirical and theoretical research on this question. It reviews the evidence, provides bases for the resolution of the debate that has divided scientists on these issues, and offers perspectives on how current knowledge can be extended to other ecosystems, other organisms and other spatial and temporal scales. It cuts across the traditional division between community ecology and ecosystem ecology, and announces a new ecological synthesis in which the dynamics of biological diversity and the biogeochemical functioning of the Earth system are merged.
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above-ground biomass abundance analysis approach benthic BIODEPTH biodiversity and ecosystem biodiversity experiments biodiversity-ecosystem functioning biological biomass changes Chapter competition complementarity decomposer disturbance diversity and ecosystem diversity effects dynamics ecologists Ecology ecosys ecosystem functioning ecosystem processes ecosystem properties ecosystem services effects of diversity effects of species environmental experimental factors food webs functional diversity functional groups grassland Hector herbivores Huston hypotheses increasing intercropping invasion resistance legumes litter Loreau manipulated marine microbial microcosms models monoculture mycorrhizal fungi Naeem natural nematodes niche nitrogen nitrogen fixing number of species nutrient Oecologia overyielding patterns Petchey plant communities plant diversity plant litter plant species plots population positive predict protists Putten rates relationship replicates resource response Ruiter sampling effect scales Setala Soil Biology soil food webs spatial species composition species diversity species number species richness stability studies terrestrial Tilman tion total biomass traits trophic groups trophic levels variability variation Wardle
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